Abstract Cavitation will reduce the turbine performance and even damage the turbine components. To verify the effects of splitter blades in improving the cavitation performance, the cavitation flow inside a Francis turbine runner with splitter blades was numerically simulated by using the Singhal cavitation model and the standard k-ε turbulence model. The distributions of static pressure and gas volume fractions on the surface of the runner blades were predicated at different conditions, and the cavitation in the flow field of the runner was analyzed. The results show that the static pressure and gas volume fractions are more uniformly distributed on the short blades than those on the long blades in Francis turbines with splitter blades, and there is almost no cavitation on the short blades; their distributions are more uniform at small flow conditions than those at large flow conditions; and large gas volume fractions are concentrated at the outlet tip near the band on the suction side of the long blade. The installation of splitter blades can improve the cavitation performance of conventional Francis turbines.
WANG Huiyan,LIU Xiaobing*,JIANG Qifeng等. Numerical simulation of cavitation turbulence in Francis turbine runner with splitter blades[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2020, 38(1): 45-51.