排灌机械工程学报
   首页  学报介绍  编 委 会  作者园地  征订启事  编校法规  编读往来  录用公告  广告合作   行业新闻  留  言  English 
排灌机械工程学报  2013, Vol. 31 Issue (6): 540-545    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.2013.06.016
农业水土工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
不同水分处理对茄子生长与产量品质的影响
仝国栋, 刘洪禄, 吴文勇, 李法虎, 宝哲, 牛勇

(1.中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院, 北京 100083; 2.北京市水利科学研究所, 北京 100044; 3.北京市非常规水资源开发利用与节水工程技术研究中心, 北京 100044)
Effects of different water treatments on growth, yield and quality of greenhouse eggplant
(1.College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; 2.Beijing Hydraulic Research Institute, Beijing 100044, China; 3.Beijing Engineering Technique Research Center for Exploration and Utilization of NonConventional Water Resources and Water Use Efficiency, Beijing 100044, China)
 全文: PDF (2159 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 为指导日光温室节水灌溉和增产,以京茄一号为对象,控制灌水下限为田间持水率(FC)的90%(T1),80%(T2),70%(T3),60%(T4),在日光温室内研究了滴灌条件下不同水分处理对茄子冠层发育、根系生长、果实产量及品质的影响.结果表明:株高、茎粗、叶面积和地上部干重均随着土壤水分下限的降低呈先增大后减小的趋势,T2(80%FC)大于其他3个处理.茄子根系主要分布在0~40 cm土层,随着深度的增加迅速减少,不同处理总根长密度和总根表面积密度均随灌水下限降低呈下降趋势.T2处理产量最高,分别为T1的103倍、T3的113倍、T4的114倍,不同处理之间差异无统计学意义.土壤含水率过高或过低会降低果实中的粗纤维质量分数和硝态氮质量分数,较高的土壤水分下限有利于果实中氨基酸的形成,而还原性VC质量分数随着土壤水分下限的降低而降低.灌水下限为80%FC时对茄子的生长最为有利,该处理下冠层发育、根系生长、果实产量及品质均处于较高水平.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
仝国栋
刘洪禄
吴文勇
李法虎
宝哲
牛勇
关键词茄子   生长指标   根系发育   产量   品质   日光温室     
Abstract: In order to improve watersaving irrigation and eggplant yield in greenhouse, through experiments under drip irrigation in the greenhouse, the effect of different field water capacities (respective irrigation minima of 90% of FC, 80% of FC, 70% of FC, 60% of FC, hereinafter referred as T1, T2, T3 and T4) on the crop growth, root development, fruit yield and quality were studied. The results show that, as soil water content threshold declined, plant height, stem diameter, leaf area and aboveground biomass first increased and then decreased. T2 is better than the other three treatments. Eggplant roots are mainly distributed in soil depth between 0-40 cm, which is rapidly reduced as soil depth increases. Total root length density and total root surface area density decreased as irrigation minima decreased. The highest yield was obtained under T2, which is 1.03 of T1, 1.13 of T3 and 114 of T4 respectively. There is no significant difference between the four different treatments. The crude fiber content and nitrate content in the fruit are reduced when soil moisture content is too high or too low. Higher soil moisture is conducive to the amount of amino acids in the fruit, whereas reducing VC content decreased as irrigation minima decreased. To sum, T2 is the best irrigation minimum treatment for the growth of eggplant. Under T2, the growth, yield and quality of eggplant is better.
Key wordseggplant   growth index   root development   yield   quality   greehhouse   
收稿日期: 2012-11-26; 出版日期: 2013-06-25
基金资助:

北京市重大科技攻关项目(Z111100056811035)

通讯作者: 刘洪禄(1963—),男,辽宁营口人,教授级高工(通信作者,liuhonglu@yeah.net),主要从事再生水灌溉、农业节水方向的研究.   
作者简介: 仝国栋(1984—),男,山西大同人,博士研究生(tgd2006@sina.com),主要从事农业节水方向研究.
引用本文:   
仝国栋,刘洪禄,吴文勇等. 不同水分处理对茄子生长与产量品质的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(6): 540-545.
TONG Guo-Dong,LIU Hong-Lu,WU Wen-Yong et al. Effects of different water treatments on growth, yield and quality of greenhouse eggplant[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2013, 31(6): 540-545.
 
[1] 程冬玲,邹志荣.高效设施农业中的水分调控与节水灌溉技术[J].西北农林科技大学学报,2001,29(1):122-125.
Cheng Dongling, Zou Zhirong. Moisture regulation and control and water saving irrigation technique in high benefit installation agriculture [J]. Journal of Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, 2001,29(1): 122-125.(in Chinese)
[2] Chaves M M, Maroco J P, Pereira J S. Understanding plant responses to drought——from genes to the whole plant[J]. Functional Plant Biology, 2003, 30(3): 239-264.
[3] Eapen D, Barroso M L, Ponce G, et al. Hydrotropism: Root growth responses to water[J]. Trends in Plant Science, 2005, 10(1): 44-50.
[4] 白文明,左强,黄元仿,等.乌兰布和沙区紫花苜蓿根系生长及吸水规律的研究[J].植物生态学报,2001,25(1):35-41.
Bai Wenming, Zuo Qiang, Huang Yuanfang, et al. Effect of water supply on root growth and water uptake of alfalfa in Wulanbuhe sandy region[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2001, 25(1): 35-41. (in Chinese)
[5] 郑健,蔡焕杰,王健,等.日光温室西瓜产量影响因素通径分析及水分生产函数[J].农业工程学报,2009,25(10):30-34.
Zheng Jian, Cai Huanjie, Wang Jian, et al. Path analysis of yield components and water production function of water melon in greenhouse[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2009, 25(10): 30-34. (in Chinese)
[6] Lincoln Zotarelli, Johannes M Scholberg, Michael D Dukes, et al. Tomato yield, biomass accumulation, root distribution and irrigation water use efficiency on a sandy soil, as affected by nitrogen rate and irrigation scheduling[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2009, 96(1): 23-34.
[7] Mao Xuesen, Liu Mengyu, Wang Xinyuan, et al. Effects of deficit irrigation on yield and water use of greenhouse grown cucumber in North China plain[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2003, 61(3): 219-228.
[8] 李建明,王平,李江.灌溉量对亚低温下温室番茄生理生化与品质的影响[J].农业工程学报,2010,26(2):129-134.
Li Jianming, Wang Ping, Li Jiang. Effect of irrigation amount on physiology, biochemistry and fruit quality of greenhouse tomato under sublow temperatures[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2010, 26(2): 129-134. (in Chinese)
[9] Xue Q, Zhu Z, Musick J T, et al. Root growth and water uptake in winter wheat under deficit irrigation[J]. Plant and Soil, 2003, 257(1): 151-161.
[10] 孙华银,康绍忠,胡笑涛,等.根系分区交替灌溉对温室甜椒不同灌水下限的响应[J].农业工程学报,2008,24(6):78-84.
Sun Huayin, Kang Shaozhong, Hu Xiaotao, et al. Response of greenhouse sweet pepper under alternate partial rootzone irrigation to different irrigation low limits[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2008,24(6): 78-84. (in Chinese)
[11] 李毅杰,原保忠,别之龙,等.不同土壤水分下限对大棚滴灌甜瓜产量和品质的影响[J].农业工程学报,2012,28(6):132-138.
Li Yijie, Yuan Baozhong, Bie Zhilong, et al. Effects of drip irrigation threshold on yield and quality of muskmelon in plastic greenhouse[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2012, 28(6): 132-138. (in Chinese)
[1] 邵光成, 蓝晶晶, 仝道斌, 陈昌仁, 张超波. 灌排方案对避雨番茄需水特性与产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(1): 75-80.
[2] 杜文勇, 何雄奎, 胡振方, Zia S., Muller J.. 不同灌溉技术条件对冬小麦生产的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2011, 29(2): 170-174.
[3] 陈新明, Jay Dhungel, Surya Bhattarai, Manouchehr Torabi, David J Midmore. 加氧灌溉对菠萝根区土壤呼吸和生理特性的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2010, 28(6): 543-547.
[4] 邵光成1,2,蓝晶晶1,2,郭瑞琪1,2,张超波1,2,潘惠1,2,. 不同灌排方式对南方避雨栽培番茄需水特性与产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 0, (): 23-.

江苏大学梦溪校区(镇江市梦溪园巷30号)图书馆5楼 0511-84440893 传真0511--84440033
Copyright 江苏大学杂志社 2010-2015 All Rights Reserved