排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2012, Vol. 30 Issue (3): 260-264    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.2012.03.003
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离心泵间隙对压力脉动及径向力的影响
 施卫东1, 张磊1, 陈斌2, 蒋婷1, 张华1

(1.江苏大学流体机械工程技术研究中心, 江苏 镇江 212013; 2.南京蓝深制泵集团股份有限公司, 江苏 南京 212500)
Influence of gap on pressure pulsation and radial force of centrifugal pumps
   Shi-Wei-Dong1, ZHANG  Lei1, CHEN  Bin2, JIANG  Ting1, ZHANG  Hua1

(1.Research Center of Fluid Machinery Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China;
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摘要 摘要: 针对采用超厚叶片的离心式无过载潜水排污泵非定常流动所引起的蜗壳流道内的压力脉动及壁面受到的径向力的问题,基于标准k-ε湍流模型和SIMPLE算法,研究了间隙对压力脉动及径向力的影响.设计了基圆直径D3分别为390,435,460 mm的3种计算模型,通过对3种模型进行非定常计算,得到由于间隙的变化导致的隔舌处压力脉动的特性及蜗壳壁面所受径向力的变化规律.计算结果表明:由于叶片和隔舌的动静干涉作用,蜗壳流道内各监测点的压力脉动及壁面所受径向力的变化具有明显的周期性;蜗壳内各监测点压力脉动的主频均为叶片通过频率;在相同流量下,间隙越小,压力脉动越剧烈,主频处的脉动幅值越大;同一计算模型,随着流量的增大,在一个旋转周期内蜗壳壁面所受到径向力的平均值先减小后增大;与原始方案相比,在相同流量下,间隙增大或减小,径向力的平均值均会增大.
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施卫东
张磊
陈斌
蒋婷
张华
关键词离心泵   间隙   超厚叶片   动静干涉   径向力   压力脉动     
Abstract: Abstract: The unsteady flow in centrifugal pumps induces a pulsation in fluid pressure inside the volute channel and imposes a radial force on the volute wall too. Thus effect of the gap between the volute tongue and impeller outlet on them was tackled by means of a nonoverload submersible sewage pump with extremely thickenedblades. Three pump models with different base circle diameters, such as 390, 435 and 460 mm were designed. The unsteady flow fields in those models were obtained numerically based on the standard k-ε turbulence model and SIMPLE algorithm. The characteristics of pressure pulsation on the tongue and the radial force on the wall against gap were obtained. The results showed that the pressure pulsation and the radial force presented an obvious periodicity due to the rotorstator interaction. The dominant frequency of pressure pulsation at the monitor points in the volute was the blade passing frequency. At the same flow rate, the intensity and amplitude of pressure pulsation at the dominant frequency were increased with decreasing gap.The timeaveraged radial force imposed on the wall was decreased and then increased with increasing flow rate.Compared with the original pump model, the averaged radial force in the new models was increased regardless of gap at the same flow rate.
Key wordscentrifugal pump   gap   extremely thickened blade   rotor stator interaction   radial force   pressure pulsation   
收稿日期: 2011-05-14; 出版日期: 2012-04-10
基金资助:

 江苏省产学研前瞻性联合研究项目(BY2010131); 江苏高等学校优秀科技创新团队计划资助项目; 江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目

通讯作者: 施卫东(1964—),男,江苏南通人,研究员,博士生导师(wdshi@ujs.edu.cn),主要从事流体机械及工程研究.   
作者简介: 张磊(1987—),男,山东枣庄人,硕士研究生(lay5260@126.com),主要从事流体机械及工程研究.
引用本文:   
施卫东,张磊,陈斌等. 离心泵间隙对压力脉动及径向力的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(3): 260-264.
Shi-Wei-Dong,ZHANG Lei,CHEN Bin et al. Influence of gap on pressure pulsation and radial force of centrifugal pumps[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2012, 30(3): 260-264.
 
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