排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2019, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 545-552    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.0215
农业水土工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
西北地区地表太阳总辐射计算模型适用性评价
张艺璇1,崔宁博1,2*,冯禹1,3,乐进华4,王军4,刘双美5
1. 四川大学水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室, 四川 成都 610065;2. 南方丘区节水农业研究四川省重点实验室, 四川 成都 610066;3. 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所作物高效用水与抗灾减损国家工程实验室, 北京 100081;4. 北京中农兴旺规划设计咨询有限公司, 北京100102;5. 四川省水利科学研究院, 四川 成都 610065
Evaluation on applicability of global solar radiation calculation model in Northwest China
ZHANG Yixuan1, CUI Ningbo1,2*, FENG Yu1,3, YUE Jinhua4, WANG Jun4, LIU Shuangmei5
1. State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China; 2. Provincial Key Laboratory of Water-Saving Agriculture in Hill Area of Southern China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610066, China; 3. State Engineering Laboratory for Efficient Water Use and Disaster Loss Reduction of Crops, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 4. Beijing Zhongnong Xingwang Planning and Design Consultion Co.Ltd., Beijing 100102, China; 5. Sichuan Institute of Water Resources Science, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China
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摘要 为有效提高中国西北地区Rs预报精度,选取西北地区11个代表性气象站点1959—2015年逐日气象数据,评价了4种基于日照时数的Rs计算模型(Angstrom-Prescott,Ogelman,Bahel和Louche模型)和2种基于温度的Rs计算模型(Hargreaves和Bristow-Campbell模型)在西北地区4个分区(温带大陆性高温干旱区、温带大陆性干旱区、高原大陆性半干旱区和温带季风半干旱区)的适用性.结果表明:6种模型在西北地区的Rs模拟值与实测值均在P<0.001水平具有统计学意义;基于日照时数的Rs计算模型(R2介于0.901~0.903)精度高于基于温度的模型(R2介于0.695~0.719);其中,基于日照时数的模型中Bahel模型的精度最高,其R2,MAE,MRE,RMSE和NSE分别为0.903,1.624 MJ/(m2·d),15.7%,2.298 MJ/(m2·d)和0.902;基于温度的模型中Bristow-Campbell模型精度最高,其值分别为0.719,2.851 MJ/(m2·d),30.7%,3.959 MJ/(m2·d)和0.713.因此,为有效提高西北地区Rs日值和月值预报精度,在仅有温度资料时推荐使用Bristow-Campbell模型,在仅有日照时数资料时推荐使用Bahel模型.
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张艺璇
崔宁博
*
冯禹
乐进华
王军
刘双美
关键词西北地区   地表太阳总辐射   计算模型   适用性评价     
Abstract: To effectively improve the prediction accuracy of Rs in Northwest China, the daily climate data collected from 11 representive meteorological stations during 1959—2015 were used to estimate Rs. Four kinds of sunshine-based models(Angstrom-Prescott, Ogelman, Bahel and Louche model)and two kinds of temperature-based models(Hargreaves and Bristow-Campbell model)were evaluated in four sub-zones: the temperate continental high temperature-arid zone, the temperate continental arid zone, the plateau continental semiarid zone and the temperate monsoon semiarid zone. The results show that the estimate Rs results of each model has a significant correlation with the measured value at the 0.001 level. Generally, the applicability of sunshine-based model(with R2 ranging from 0.901 to 0.903)is better than that of temperature-based model(with R2 ranging from 0.695 to 0.719). Among the 4 sunshine-based models, Bahel model shows the best performance, with R2 of 0.903, MAE of 1.624 MJ/(m2·d), MRE of 15.7%, RMSE of 2.298 MJ/(m2·d)and NSE of 0.902. The most accurate temperature-based model is Bristow-Campbell model, with R2 of 0.719, MAE of 2.851 MJ/(m2·d), MRE of 30.7%, RMSE of 3.959 MJ/(m2·d)and NSE of 0.713. Overall, the Bahel model is recommended to estimate daily and monthly Rs when only the sunshine duration data are avai-lable in Northwest China and the Bristow-Campbell model is recommended to estimate Rs when only temperature data are available.
Key wordsNorthwest China   global solar radiation   calculation models   performance evaluation   
收稿日期: 2018-10-16;
基金资助:“十三五”国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0400206-03);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51779161,51009101);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD24B01-01);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2018CDPZH-10,2016CDDY-S04-SCU,2017CDLZ-N22)
引用本文:   
张艺璇,崔宁博,*等. 西北地区地表太阳总辐射计算模型适用性评价[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2019, 37(6): 545-552.
ZHANG Yi-Xuan-,CUI Ning-Bo-,* et al. Evaluation on applicability of global solar radiation calculation model in Northwest China[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2019, 37(6): 545-552.
 
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