排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2019, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 498-503    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.17.0253
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砾石覆盖对海涂围垦区粉砂土坡面土壤可蚀性影响试验研究
王洪德1,2,徐小明3,佘冬立1,2*
1. 河海大学南方地区高效灌排与农业水土环境教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210098;2. 河海大学水利水电学院, 江苏 南京 210098;3. 溧阳市别桥水利站, 江苏 溧阳 213300
Experiment on effect ofrock fragment cover on slope erodibility of saline-sodic soil in costal reclamation area
WANG Hongde1,2, XU Xiaoming3, SHE Dongli1,2
1. Key Laboratory of Efficient Irrigation-Drainage and Agricultural Soil-Water Environment in Southern China, Ministry of Education, Hohai University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210098, China; 2. College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210098, China; 3. Liyang Bieqiao Water Conservancy Station, Liyang, Jiangsu 213300, China
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摘要 通过人工模拟降雨试验,选取2种坡度(15°,30°),2种降雨强度(92,119 mm/h)和6种砾石覆盖度(0,10%,20%,40%,60%,80%),探究砾石覆盖对海涂围垦区粉砂土坡面侵蚀及土壤可蚀性的影响.结果表明:随累积降雨量增加,土壤可蚀性参数先增大后减小,并趋于稳定.坡度对土壤可蚀性影响显著,坡度越陡,坡面土壤可蚀性越大.砾石覆盖度与土壤可蚀性参数并非呈单调关系.坡度较陡且低覆盖度时,砾石覆盖增加坡面侵蚀;而当高覆盖度时,砾石覆盖可降低坡面径流速率,增加入渗率,减小土壤侵蚀率.适当盖度砾石覆盖能够改变边坡表面粗糙程度,降低坡面土壤可蚀性.砾石覆盖坡面径流雷诺数与土壤可蚀性参数呈显著线性负相关关系.通过径流雷诺数与土壤可蚀性参数线性关系定量分析能够较好反映坡面高钠盐土颗粒输移水动力学过程,对于构建盐碱土边坡泥沙输移预测模型具有重要意义.
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王洪德
徐小明
佘冬立
*
关键词盐碱土   砾石覆盖   坡面流   土壤可蚀性参数   土壤侵蚀     
Abstract: The effects of rock fragments cover(RC)on the saline-sodic soil erosion and the interrill erodibility were investigated through simulated rainfall with two intensities(92 mm/h, 119 mm/h), two slope gradients(15%, 30%), and six rock fragments covers(0%, 10%, 20%, 40%, 60% and 80%). Results showed that with the increase of cumulative rainfall, the soil erodibility increased first, then decreased and tended to be stable. The soil erodibility was significantly increased with slope gra-dient. The soil erodibility varied non-monotonically with RC. In the condition of deeper slope and lower RC, soil erodibility increased with RC; while infiltration rate increased, runoff rate and soil erodibility decreased with RC when RC was higher. The appropriate RC could change the roughness of slope surface and reduce the soil erodibility. A significant negative linear correlation existed between Reynolds number of runoff and soil erodibility on the slope with rock fragments cover. Quantitative analysis of li-near relationship between Reynolds number and soil erodibility can reflect hydrodynamics process of saline-sodic soil on slope surface, which is of significance to building a prediction model of sediment transport in saline-sodic soil slope.
Key wordssaline-sodic soil   rock fragment cover   overland flow   erodibility parameter   soil erosion   
收稿日期: 2017-11-24;
基金资助:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51679062);江苏省国土科技项目(KJXM2017032);江苏省水利科技项目(2016008);江苏省青蓝工程支持计划项目
引用本文:   
王洪德,,徐小明等. 砾石覆盖对海涂围垦区粉砂土坡面土壤可蚀性影响试验研究[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2019, 37(6): 498-503.
WANG Hong-De-,,XU Xiao-Ming- et al. Experiment on effect ofrock fragment cover on slope erodibility of saline-sodic soil in costal reclamation area[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2019, 37(6): 498-503.
 
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