排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2019, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 475-479    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.0035
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叶片包角对混流泵作透平的特性影响
杨孙圣,邵珂*,戴韬
江苏大学国家水泵及系统工程技术研究中心, 江苏 镇江 212013
Influence of blade wrap angle on characteristics of mixed flow pump as turbine
YANG Sunsheng,SHAO Ke*,DAI Tao
National Research Center of Pumps, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jangsu 212013, China
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摘要 采用数值模拟与试验验证相结合的方法,在保证叶轮其他主要几何参数不变的情况下,分别模拟叶片包角为45°,65°,75°,85°,95°和105°的叶轮模型,并通过试验进行验证,探究叶片包角变化对混流泵作透平性能的影响规律.结果表明:随着叶片包角增大,混流泵作透平流量效率曲线向小流量工况偏移,且高效区间逐渐减小,流量扬程曲线和流量轴功率曲线上升趋势越来越陡峭.随着包角增加,液流流动将更加贴近叶片型线,叶轮流道内部漩涡现象得到一定程度的改善.包角增加使得叶片对液流约束能力加强,旋涡损失减小从而小流量区域水力损失减小;在大流量区域,包角增大使得叶轮流道加长,摩擦损失增加从而流道内的水力损失加大.因此旋涡损失和摩擦损失的共同作用使叶片包角存在一个最佳值使得透平最高,效率最高,对混流泵作透平叶片设计有一定的指导意义.
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杨孙圣
邵珂*
戴韬
关键词混流泵作透平   叶片包角   水力损失   数值模拟     
Abstract: Numerical simulation was adoped and the blade wrap angles were 45°, 65°,75°,85°,95° and 105° when impellers′ other geometric parameters remained the same. We studied how the change of the blade wrap angles influences PATs. The results show that with the increase of the blade wrap angles, the liquid flow is closer to the blade profile. The vortex in the impeller channel inside in improved. The turbine′s high-efficiency curves shift toward the small flow rate area, the high efficiency region becomes smaller and the head curve and shaft power curve are getting steeper. The blade′s constraint on the flow is enhanced with the increase of blade wrap angles, so that the hydraulic loss in the small flow area is reduced, but the runner is lengthened, so that the friction loss is increased. With the augment of the blade wrap angles, the hydraulic loss increases in the mass flow area so that there is a best blade wrap angles. This result can provide some guidance to the design of the mixed-flow pump as turbines.
Key wordsmixed-flow pump as turbine   blade wrap angle   hydraulic loss   numerical simulation   
收稿日期: 2018-03-06;
基金资助:国家自然科学基金资助项目(11602097);江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目
引用本文:   
杨孙圣,邵珂*,戴韬. 叶片包角对混流泵作透平的特性影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2019, 37(6): 475-479.
YANG Sun-Sheng,SHAO Ke-*,DAI Tao. Influence of blade wrap angle on characteristics of mixed flow pump as turbine[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2019, 37(6): 475-479.
 
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