排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2019, Vol. 37 Issue (5): 413-419    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.0234
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泄水锥加长与主轴中心孔补水对水轮机尾水管流态的影响
赵道利*,高诚锋,孙维鹏,郭鹏程,马薇
西安理工大学水利水电学院, 陕西 西安 710048
Effect of runner cone length and shaft center hole water feeding on flow characteristics in draft tube
ZHAO Daoli*, GAO Chengfeng, SUN Weipeng, GUO Pengcheng, MA Wei
Institute of Water Resources and Hydro-electric Engineering, Xi′an University of Technology, Shaanxi, Xi′an 710048, China
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摘要 为了探究泄水锥加长与主轴中心孔补水对水轮机尾水管流态的影响,采用SST湍流模型对某混流式模型水轮机进行了全流道三维非定常模拟.对额定工况下原泄水锥、泄水锥加长这2种方案,以及对部分负荷工况下原泄水锥、泄水锥加长、泄水锥加长后补水这3种方案进行了计算.分析了不同方案下尾水管水流流线、尾水管各断面压力、尾水管涡带及流体的涡流黏度值的变化情况.结果表明:在额定工况下,泄水锥加长后对尾水管水流有稳流效果且水轮机效率略有提高;在部分负荷工况下,泄水锥加长后尾水管中心产生的涡带有变小的趋势,但涡带的偏心距稍有增加,而向尾水管补入2%额定流量的水流后,尾水管流态明显改善,直锥段水流的涡流黏度值降低,尾水管涡带的偏心距和涡带形态都有所减小,由偏心涡带引起的低频压力脉动幅值也有明显降低.
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赵道利*
高诚锋
孙维鹏
郭鹏程
马薇
关键词混流式水轮机   数值模拟   泄水锥   主轴中心孔补水   尾水管涡带     
Abstract: To investigate the effect of runner cone length and shaft center hole water feeding on flow characteristics of draft tube, the SST turbulence model is used to simulate the three-dimensional unsteady flow in a Francis turbine. Under the rated condition, two cases, i.e. the original runner cone and a longer runner cone are simulated. Under the part-load condition, however, three cases are involved, namely, the original runner cone, the longer runner cone, and the longer cone with shaft center hole water feeding. The streamlines, pressure variations in various cross-sections in the tube, vortex rope and eddy viscosity of flow in these cases are analyzed. The results showed that under the rated working condition the lengthened runner cone can intensify the stability of the flow in the draft tube and improve the turbine efficiency slightly. Under the part-load condition, the lengthened runner cone can reduce the size of vortex rope in the tube but increase the eccentricity of the rope a bit. After a 2% rated flow water feeding is applied to the draft tube, the flow characteristics are improved significantly, the eddy viscosity of the flow in the straight diffusion section is lowered. Both the eccentricity and the rope size are decreased, but also the amplitude of low-frequency pressure pulsation caused by the eccentric vortex rope is reduced considerably.
Key wordsfrancis turbine   numerical simulation   runner cone   shaft center hole water replenishing   draft tube vortex   
收稿日期: 2018-11-06;
基金资助:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFB1501900);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51839010);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2018JM5087)第一作者简介:赵道利(1973—),男,陕西安康人,副教授(通信作者,zhaodaoli@126com),主要从事水力机组优化与振动分析、诊断
引用本文:   
赵道利*,高诚锋,孙维鹏等. 泄水锥加长与主轴中心孔补水对水轮机尾水管流态的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2019, 37(5): 413-419.
ZHAO Dao-Li-*,GAO Cheng-Feng,SUN Wei-Peng et al. Effect of runner cone length and shaft center hole water feeding on flow characteristics in draft tube[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2019, 37(5): 413-419.
 
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