排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2019, Vol. 37 Issue (4): 256-262    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.17.0083
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基于水生态足迹的山东省水资源利用与经济发展分析
杨裕恒1,曹升乐1*,刘阳1,2,程雨菲1
1. 山东大学土建与水利学院, 山东 济南 250061; 2. 墨尔本大学理学院, 澳大利亚, 维多利亚州 墨尔本 3010
Analysis of water resources utilization and economic development based on water ecological footprint in Shandong Province
YANG Yuheng1, CAO Shengle1*, LIU Yang1,2, CHENG Yufei1
1. School of Civil Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250061, China; 2. Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
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摘要 为了研究水资源利用情况与经济增长的协调性,提出了一种考虑不同受纳水体的水生态足迹计算方法,并以此计算了山东省2003—2015年水量与水质生态足迹,构建了宏观方面的协调发展脱钩评价模型与微观方面的协调度理论,对水资源消耗与经济增长之间的协调关系进行评价.结果表明山东省水生态足迹总体呈现波动上升趋势,水量生态足迹显示出明显的农业主导型;水质生态足迹计算中,地表与地下水质生态足迹比例约为3∶4;地表水质生态足迹中,2003—2009年硝态氮为决定性污染物,2010—2015年总磷为决定性污染物;地下水质生态足迹则表现为硝态氮主导.人均GDP增长与水生态足迹由弱脱钩的初级协调向强脱钩的中级协调转变,初步说明山东省水资源与经济的协调发展呈现改善趋势.
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杨裕恒
曹升乐*
刘阳
程雨菲
关键词水生态足迹   受纳水体   脱钩分析   协调性分析   山东省     
Abstract: To study the coordination of water resources utilization and economic growth, a calculating method of water ecological footprint was put forward by considering different receptive water bodies. This method was used to calculate water yield and ecological footprint of water quality of Shandong Province in 2003—2015. Macro-level coordinated development of decoupling evaluation model and micro-level coordination degree theory were established to evaluate the coordination relationship between water resources consumption and economic growth. The results found that the water ecological footprint of Shandong Province presented an uptrend of fluctuation overall, and the ecological footprint of water showed obvious agricultural dominance. The proportion of ecological footprint of surface water to groundwater was 3∶4, and in the ecological footprint of surface water, nitrate nitrogen was the deci-sive pollutant in 2003—2009, but phosphorus was the decisive pollutant in 2010—2015. The ecological footprint of groundwater was more complicated, which was alternately determined by COD, nitrate nitrogen and phosphorus. The per capita GDP growth and water ecological footprint are transformed from the primary coordination of weak decoupling to the intermediate coordination of strong decoupling. It is basically suggested that the coordinated development of water resources and economy in Shandong Province shows an improved trend.
Key wordsimprovement of water ecological footprint   receiving waters   decoupling analysis   coordination analysis   Shandong Province   
收稿日期: 2017-04-18;
基金资助:水利部公益性行业科研专项(201401003);山东省水利科研及技术推广项目(SDSLKY201604)
引用本文:   
杨裕恒,曹升乐*,刘阳等. 基于水生态足迹的山东省水资源利用与经济发展分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2019, 37(4): 256-262.
YANG Yu-Heng-,CAO Sheng-Le-*,LIU Yang- et al. Analysis of water resources utilization and economic development based on water ecological footprint in Shandong Province[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2019, 37(4): 256-262.
 
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