排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (11): 1200-1204    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.1197
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不同种植年限对压砂地土壤盐分及西瓜产量的影响
马中昇1, 谭军利1,2*, 马小福3, 魏童1
1.宁夏大学土木与水利工程学院, 宁夏 银川 750021; 2.旱区现代农业水资源高效利用教育部工程研究中心, 宁夏 银川 750021; 3.宁夏水利厅, 宁夏 银川 750021
Effects of planting years on soil salinity and watermelon yield in gravel-sand mulched field
MA Zhongsheng1, TAN Junli1,2 *, MA Xiaofu3, WEI Tong1
1.School of Civil Engineering and Hydraulic Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750021, China; 2.Engineering Research Center for Efficient Utilization of Water Resources in Modern Agricultural in Arid Regions, Ministry of Education, Yinchuan, Ningxia, 750021, China; 3.Ningxia Water Conservancy, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750021, China
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摘要 通过大田试验,研究了宁夏环香山地区不同种植年限对压砂地土壤盐分以及西瓜产量的影响,以期为压砂地持续利用及西瓜生产力预估提供参考.结果表明:随着种植年限增加,压砂地0~80 cm土层内土壤盐分总值不断降低;在种植6,10,15 a后,盐碱性压砂地0~80 cm土层内盐分含量较3 a的分别降低了70.3%,21.4%和56.4%,非盐碱性压砂地0~80 cm土层内盐分分别降低了50.6%,62.4%和34.8%;随着土层深度增加,盐碱性与非盐碱性压砂地的土壤盐分含量均呈增大趋势;非盐碱性压砂地在0~80 cm土层内,pH值呈先减小后增大趋势;西瓜产量与盐分含量关系密切,盐碱性压砂地的西瓜产量随着盐分降低不断增大,西瓜产量随土壤盐分降低先增大后减小.
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马中昇
谭军利
*
马小福
魏童
关键词种植年限   压砂地   盐碱性   土壤盐分   西瓜产量     
Abstract: Through field experiments, effects of planting years on soil salinity and yield of watermelon in the gravel-sand mulched field around Xiangshan region of Ningxia were studied in order to provide a reference for continuous use of gravel-sand mulched field and estimation of watermelon productivity. The results showed that the soil salinity in 0-80 cm soil layer decreased continuously with the increase of planting years. After 6 a, 10 a, and 15 a planting, the salinity in 0-80 cm soil layer in saline-alkaline gravel-sand mulched field is lowered by 70.3%, 21.4% and 56.4%, respectively, in comparison with 3 a planting soil. However, the salinity in non-saline-alkaline gravel-sand mulched field is decreased by 50.6%, 62.4% and 34.8%, respectively. With increasing soil depth, the salinity rises in both sorts of gravel-sand mulched field. The pH value decreases firstly and then increases across 0-80 cm soil layer in the non-saline-alkaline gravel-sand mulched field. The yield of watermelon is closely related to soil salinity; specially, the yield increases with decreasing salinity in the saline-alkaline gravel-sand mulched field. However, the yield in the non-saline-alkaline gravel-sand mulched field rises initially and declines afterwards with increasing soil salinity.
Key wordsplanting years   gravel-sand mulched field   salt and alkali   soil salt   watermelon production   
收稿日期: 2018-05-15;
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(51309135,31460546)

引用本文:   
马中昇,谭军利,*等. 不同种植年限对压砂地土壤盐分及西瓜产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1200-1204.
MA Zhong-Sheng-,TAN Jun-Li-,* et al. Effects of planting years on soil salinity and watermelon yield in gravel-sand mulched field[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2018, 36(11): 1200-1204.
 
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