排灌机械工程学报
   首页  学报介绍  编 委 会  作者园地  征订启事  编校法规  编读往来  录用公告  广告合作   行业新闻  留  言  English 
排灌机械工程学报  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (11): 1157-1162    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.1102
泵理论与技术 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
基于GIS的赣抚平原灌区数据库构建和空间分析
马林华1, 时元智2, 才硕3, 崔远来1*
1.武汉大学水利水电学院, 湖北 武汉 430072; 2.南京水利科学研究院, 江苏 南京 210009; 3.江西省灌溉试验中心站, 江西 南昌 330201
GIS-based database construction and spatial analysis of Ganfu Plain Irrigated District
MA Linhua1, SHI Yuanzhi2, CAI Shuo3, CUI Yuanlai1*
1.School of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China;2. Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China; 3. Jiangxi Central Irrigation Experiment Station, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330201, China
 全文: PDF (1633 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 为实现灌区信息的统一化管理和空间分析,提高灌区管理工作的效率和水平,构建了一个基于ArcGIS的灌区信息管理系统.以数据库为手段,通过数据收集、组织、编辑、转换实现对灌区多源空间数据和属性数据的融合分析,可实现数据的维护、可视化管理和统计分析,特别是基于ArcGIS的统计分析功能,实现灌区土地利用类型、高程和坡度的分布规律及其相互关系的统计分析.以江西省赣抚平原灌区为例,在多源空间数据和属性数据的基础上,构建了灌区基础地理信息数据库,实现了灌区信息的集中管理、查询、统计和维护更新.基于统计分析得到了灌区高程、坡度和土地利用类型的空间分析规律.结果表明:灌区大部分地势平坦,主要以农业用地为主.高程较低地势起伏较小时,主要的土地利用类型是水稻,随地势增高和坡度变陡,林地所占的比重逐渐增大,成为主要的土地利用类型.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
马林华
时元智
才硕
崔远来*
关键词灌区   信息管理系统   数据库   空间分析     
Abstract: In order to achieve unified management and spatial analysis of irrigation district information, and thus improve the efficiency and level of irrigation district management, an irrigation district information management system was developed based on ArcGIS. The system utilizes the database as a means to realize the fusion analysis on multi-source spatial and attribute data of an irrigation district through data collection, organization, editing and conversion. As a result, data maintenance, visualization management and statistical analysis can be achievable. Specially, based on the statistical analysis function of ArcGIS, the land use types, elevation and slope distribution rules and their correlations of each other can be analyzed. Taking the Ganfu Plain Irrigation District in Jiangxi Province as an example, based on the multi-source spatial and attribute data, a geographic basic information database of the district was constructed, and centralized management, inquiry, statistics, maintenance and update of information were realized. Through a statistical analysis, the spatial distribution characteristics of land use types, elevation and slope in the district were obtained. The results show that most of the irrigation district is flat and mainly used as agricultural land. When the elevation is low and the terrain is less undulate, the main land use type is paddy. As the terrain increases, and the slope gets big, the proportion of woodland rises gradually, and eventually woodland is the main land use type.
Key wordsirrigation district   management information systems   databases   spatial distribution   
收稿日期: 2018-04-30;
基金资助:

江西省水利厅科技计划项目(KT201630,KT201738)

引用本文:   
马林华,时元智,才硕等. 基于GIS的赣抚平原灌区数据库构建和空间分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1157-1162.
MA Lin-Hua-,SHI Yuan-Zhi-,CAI Shuo- et al. GIS-based database construction and spatial analysis of Ganfu Plain Irrigated District[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2018, 36(11): 1157-1162.
 
[1] 赵庆展,靳光才,周文杰,等.基于移动GIS的棉田病虫害信息采集系统[J].农业工程学报,2015,31(4):183-190.
ZHAO Qingzhan,JIN Guangcai,ZHOU Wenjie,et al.Information collection system for diseases and pests in cotton field based on mobile GIS[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2015,31(4): 183-190.(in Chinese)
[2] 朱庆.三维GIS及其在智慧城市中的应用[J].地球信息科学学报, 2014,16(2):151-157.
ZHU Qing. Full Three-dimensional GIS and its key roles in smart city[J].Journal of geo-information science,2014,16(2): 151-157.(in Chinese)
[3] 刘德锋, 彭琳, 郜鲁涛,等. 基于全球定位系统(GIS)的云南省铁皮石斛种植适宜性区划[J]. 江苏农业科学, 2017, 45(4):227-230.
LIU Defeng,PENG Ling,GAO Lutao,et al. Suitability regionalization of dendrobium officinale in Yunnan province based on global positioning system(GIS)[J].Jiangsu agricultural sciences, 2017, 45(4):227-230.(in Chinese)
[4] MLAYAH A, ANANE M, BÉDIR M, et al. Comprehension and hydrogeological conceptualization of aquifer in arid and semi-arid regions using integrated hydrogeological information system: case of the deep aquifer of Zeramdine-Beni Hassen(east-central Tunisia)[J]. Arabian journal of geosciences, 2013, 6(7):2655-2671.
[5] NEJAD S G, FALAH F, DANESHFAR M, et al. Delineation of groundwater potential zones using remote sensing and GIS-based data-driven models[J]. Geocarto international, 2016, 32(2):167-187.
[6] ANDRZEJ C, MARCIN K, ŁUBNIEWSKI Z. Characterizing surface and air temperature in the Baltic sea coastal area using remote sensing techniques and GIS[J]. Polish maritime research, 2016, 23(1):3-11.
[7] ROS?瘙塁CA S, BILAS?瘙塁CO S, PAĂCURAR I, et al. Land capability classification for crop and fruit product assessment using GIS technology. Case study: the Niraj River basin(Transylvania Depression, Romania).[J]. Notulae botanicae horti agrobotanici cluj-napoca, 2015, 43(1):101-109.
[8] 温金奎,罗传文.基于GIS的森林资源管理信息系统研究与开发[J].森林工程,2015,31(2): 31-36.
WEN Jinkui, LUO Chuanwen. Development and study of forest resources management information system based on GIS[J].Forest engineering,2015,31(2): 31-36.(in Chinese)
[9] BERHANU B, MESELLE A M, SELESHI Y.GIS-based hydrological zones and soil geo-database of Ethiopia[J].Catena,2013,104(2):21-31.
[10] 刘广明,吕真真,杨劲松,等.基于主成分分析及GIS的环渤海区域土壤质量评价[J]. 排灌机械工程学报,2015,33(1):67-72. 浏览
LIU Guangming, LYU Zhenzhen, YANG Jinsong,et al. Quality evaluation of soil in land along Bohai Sea Coast by principal component analysis and GIS[J].Journal of drainage and irrigation mechinery engineering,2015,33(1): 67-72.(in Chinese)
[11] MALCON S, MAHENDER K, KUNTE P D. Geomorphometry and micro-watershed basin delineation using RS and GIS: A case study of micro-level geodatabase creation of Salsate Taluka, Goa[C]//Proceedings of the international conference of perspectives of computer confluences of sciences,2014.
[12] SONG W W, JIN B X, LI S H, et al. Building spatiotemporal cloud platform for supporting gis application[J]. Remote sensing and spatial information sciences,2014,24(2):55-62.
[13] CROWELL A, GOSNOLD W. Integrating geophysical data in GIS for geothermal power prospecting[J]. Geosphere, 2015, 11(6):1651-1679.
[14] BALAGUERAREINA S A, VENEGASANAYA M, III L D D. The biology and conservation status of the american crocodile in Colombia[J]. Journal of herpetology, 2015,49(2):200-206.
[15] STANKOVIC R, VULOVIC N, LILIC N, et al. A webGIS decision support system for management of abandoned mines[J]. Energies, 2016, 9(567):1-14.
[16] 李增焕,汪文超,崔远来.基于B/S模式的灌区工情管理信息系统开发与应用[J].中国农村水利水电,2017,59(6):18-22.
LI Zenghuan, WANG Wenchao, CUI Yuanlai. The development and application of B/S based irrigation engineering information management system[J].China rural water and hydropower, 2017,59(6): 18-22.(in Chinese)
[1] 毕博, 陈丹*, 汤树海, 陈菁, 毕利东. 灌溉渠道生态化设计研究进展[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 707-712.
[2] 熊玉江, 徐俊增*, 李亚龙, 李江安, 孙勇. 南方平原灌区稻田涝水过程模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 725-731.
[3] 杨洋, 朱焱*, 伍靖伟, 余乐时, 杨金忠. 河套灌区井渠结合地下水数值模拟及均衡分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 732-737.
[4] 樊玉苗,, 高占义*, 陈皓锐, 王少丽, 常辉. 基于水量恒定的渠道前馈控制时间分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1131-1136.
[5] 刘美含, 史海滨*, 李仙岳, 闫建文, 孙伟, 窦旭. 河套灌区玉米农田蒸散动态变化及其影响因子的通径分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1081-1086.
[6] 王术波, 韩宇, 陈建*, 潘越, 曹毅, 孟灏. 基于深度学习的无人机遥感生态灌区杂草分类[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1137-1141.
[7] 张娜,, 张红玲, 张栋良, 屈忠义*. 基于高光谱的区域土壤颗粒组成及有机质预测模型尺度转换[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1175-1179.
[8] 赵天兴, 朱焱*, 杨金忠, 毛威. 基于CAR-SVM模型的季节性冻融区地下水埋深预测[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1180-1186.
[9] 张自超, 韩宇, 陈建*, 王术波, 王广琦, 杜楠楠. 基于无人机遥感数据的生态渠系信息提取[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(10): 1006-1011.
[10] 魏雪,,,, 周蓓蓓,,,, 王全九,,,. 泾惠渠灌区渠道衬砌对土壤有机质的影响及其空间变异性[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2017, 35(3): 222-227.
[11] 肖俊龙, 刘永强, 田浪, 曹睿哲. 熵权模糊物元模型在节水灌溉综合效益评价的应用[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(9): 809-814.
[12] 白寅祯, 魏占民, 张健, 高红艳,, 魏子涵. 基于WinSRFR软件的河套灌区水平畦田规格的优化[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(9): 823-828.
[13] 宋扬,, 李慧,, 周维博,, 董起广. 泾惠渠灌区作物需水量特征及影响因素分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(8): 703-708.
[14] 李文昊,, 王振华,, 郑旭荣,, 张金珠,. 新疆绿洲盐碱滴灌区域荒地土壤盐分变化[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(8): 722-729.
[15] 田浪, 刘永强, 王珍, 曹睿哲, 肖俊龙. 基于物元可拓模型的灌区水资源综合效益评价[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(4): 351-356.

江苏大学梦溪校区(镇江市梦溪园巷30号)图书馆5楼 0511-84440893 传真0511--84440033
Copyright 江苏大学杂志社 2010-2015 All Rights Reserved