排灌机械工程学报
   首页  学报介绍  编 委 会  作者园地  征订启事  编校法规  编读往来  录用公告  广告合作   行业新闻  留  言  English 
排灌机械工程学报  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (9): 897-902    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.1060
泵理论与技术 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
通辽玉米滴灌灌溉制度
贾琼1, 史海滨1*, 李瑞平1, 冯亚阳1, 李鹤2, 郑佳伟3
1.内蒙古农业大学水利与土木建筑工程学院, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010018; 2.通辽市水利技术推广站, 内蒙古 通辽 028000; 3.内蒙古自治区水利厅, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010018
Drip irrigation schedules of maize in Tongliao
JIA Qiong1, SHI Haibin1*, LI Ruiping1, FENG Yayang1, LI He2, ZHENG Jiawei3
1.Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering College, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010018, China; 2.Tongliao water conservancy technology promotion station, Tongliao, Inner Mongolia 028000, China; 3.Inner Mongolia Water Conservancy Department, Inner Mongolia, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010018, China
 全文: PDF (1456 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 为更加合理制定玉米滴灌灌溉制度,以我国“节水增粮行动”为背景, 于2016年在内蒙古通辽开展玉米滴灌灌溉制度试验研究.根据试验区34 a的降雨资料进行降雨频率分析,选取不同水文年型的代表年,结合玉米滴灌试验得到实际耗水规律,对比6种灌溉处理在各生育阶段的变化情况,测定了株高、叶面积指数、玉米产量等指标.结果表明:中水处理作物性状及产量较高,且水分利用效率最高,为最佳灌水处理;以中水处理作为滴灌灌溉制度的参考依据,通过气象数据计算参考蒸发蒸腾量ET0.利用实际耗水量获取各生育阶段作物系数,结合代表年型的ET0计算需水量.根据降雨量,得到不同水文年型滴灌灌溉制度:枯水年覆膜滴灌灌溉定额1 575 m3/hm2,无膜滴灌灌溉定额1 785 m3/hm2;平水年覆膜滴灌灌溉定额1 125 m3/hm2,无膜滴灌灌溉定额1 425 m3/hm2;丰水年覆膜滴灌灌溉定额600 m3/hm2,无膜滴灌灌溉定额900 m3/hm2.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
贾琼
史海滨*
李瑞平
冯亚阳
李鹤
郑佳伟
关键词玉米   滴灌   水文年型   参考作物蒸发蒸腾量   作物需水量   灌溉制度     
Abstract: A field experiment on drip irrigation schedule of maize was conducted in Tongliao, Inner Mongolia in 2016 in order to produce a more reasonable schedule for the maize in the background of "Water Saving and Grain Increasing Action" in China. A rainfall frequency analysis was made by using rainfall data of the experimental field in previous 34 years. By choosing meteorological data in typical years and combining with actual evapotranspiration rules obtained from the drip irrigation field experiment, six kinds of irrigation treatment were compared with each other in each growth stage. The maize plant height, leaf area index, productivity, etc. were measured. The results show that the characteristics and yield of maize in medium irrigation treatment are better than the others, and water use efficiency(WUE)was the highest, suggesting the best irrigation treatment. The medium irrigation treatment is used as the reference for drip irrigation schedule, then the reference evapotranspiration(ET0)is calculated based on the meteorological data. The actual water consumption is used to obtain the crop coefficient of each growth stage, and then the water requirement is calculated based on the ET0 of a typical year. According to the rainfall data, the drip irrigation schedules for different hydrological years are worked out, respectively. The film-covered drip irrigation quota is 1 575 m3/hm2, the non-film drip irrigation quota is 1 785 m3/hm2 in low flow year. The drip irrigation quotas with and without film cover in normal flow year are 1 125 m3/hm2 and 1 425 m3/hm2, respectively. Meanwhile, in flow year, the drip irrigation quotas with and without film cover are 600 m3/hm2 and 900 m3/hm2, respectively. 
Key wordsmaize   drip irrigation   hydrological years   reference crop evapotranspiration   crop water requirements   irrigation program   
收稿日期: 2018-04-27;
基金资助:

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAD12B03);国家自然科学基金重要资助项目(51539005);水利部科技推广计划项目(NSK2014S1)

引用本文:   
贾琼,史海滨*,李瑞平等. 通辽玉米滴灌灌溉制度[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 897-902.
JIA Qiong-,SHI Hai-Bin-*,LI Rui-Ping- et al. Drip irrigation schedules of maize in Tongliao[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2018, 36(9): 897-902.
 
[1] 汪国雅, 邵亮全. 我国西部地区再生水资源合理配置与可持续发展[J]. 节能与环保, 2016(6):56-58.
[2] WANG Guoya, SHAO Liangquan. Rational allocation and sustainable development of renewable water resources in western China[J]. Energy conservation & environmental protection, 2016(6):56-58.(in Chinese)
[3] 马力阳. 半干旱区水资源——乡村发展系统耦合协调研究[D]. 西安:西北大学, 2016.
[4] PAPASTYLIANOU P T, ARGYROKASTRITIS I G. Effect of limited drip irrigation regime on yield, yield components, and fiber quality of cotton under Mediterranean conditions[J]. Agricultural water management, 2014, 142:127-134.
[5] 何雨江,汪丙国,王在敏. 棉花微咸水膜下滴灌灌溉制度的研究[J]. 农业工程学报,2010,26(7):14-20.
HE Yujiang, WANG Bingguo, WANG Zaimin. Study on irrigation scheduling of cotton under mulch drip irrigation with brackish water[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2010,26(7):14-20.(in Chinese)
[6] 唐瑞,王怀博,徐利岗. 宁夏中部干旱带玉米膜下滴灌灌溉制度试验研究[J]. 宁夏工程技术,2016(4):390-394.
[7] TANG Rui, WANG Huaibo, XU Ligang. Experiment study on corn irrigation system under film drip irrigation conditions in the arid area of middle Ningxia[J]. Ningxia engineering technology, 2016(4):390-394.(in Chinese)
[8] 柏宇. 吉林省中部玉米膜下滴灌水肥一体技术试验研究[D].长春:长春工程学院,2015.
[9] 李蔚新. 黑龙江省西部地区玉米膜下滴灌灌溉制度试验研究[D].哈尔滨:东北农业大学,2015.
[10] FAN Y J, LU Z Y, TIAN D L, et al. Irrigation regime for corn production with drip irrigation and plastic mulching in Hetao Irrigation Region[J]. Agricultural research in the arid areas, 2015.
[11] 孙文涛, 孙占祥, 王聪翔. 滴灌施肥条件下玉米水肥耦合效应的研究[J]. 中国农业科学, 2006, 39(3):563-568.
SUN Wentao, SUN Zhanxiang, WANG Congxiang. Coupling effect of water and fertilizer on corn yield under drip fertigation[J]. Scientia agricultura sinica, 2006, 39(3):563-568.(in Chinese)
[12] 赵靖丹. 内蒙古通辽地区滴灌玉米耗水特性与SIMDual-Kc模型模拟研究[D].呼和浩特:内蒙古农业大学,2016.
[1] 郑和祥, 李和平*, 曹雪松. 喷灌条件下不同茬次紫花苜蓿的耗水规律与灌溉制度[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 785-789.
[2] 周始威, 胡笑涛*, 王文娥, 冉辉, 张亚军. 春玉米生长中期灌水量差异对其蒸发蒸腾量估算精度的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 790-795.
[3] 程铭慧, 范军亮, 张富仓*, 王海东, 向友珍. 分根区交替灌溉下水分亏缺对夏玉米生长和水分利用效率的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 819-823.
[4] 冯根祥,*, 张展羽,, 方国华, 张泽民,. 暗管排水条件下微咸水灌溉对土壤盐分动态及夏玉米生长的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 880-885.
[5] 王瑜, 魏琛琛, 杨培岭*, 廖人宽, 魏榕, 杨凤茹. 保水剂与氮磷肥配施对雨养玉米生长的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 903-908.
[6] 侯裕生,, 王振华,*, 李文昊,, 扁青永,, 李朝阳,. 水肥耦合对南疆沙区滴灌红枣光合特性及叶绿素相对含量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(9): 914-919.
[7] 冯亚阳, 史海滨*, 李瑞平, 戚迎龙, 贾琼. 膜下滴灌水氮耦合效应对玉米干物质与产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 750-755.
[8] 邱新强,, 王艳平,, 和刚,, 秦海霞,, 张玉顺,, 路振广,*. 调亏模式下灌水定额对夏玉米生长及产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 673-678.
[9] 江显群, 陈武奋*. BP神经网络与GA-BP农作物需水量预测模型对比[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 762-766.
[10] 扁青永, 王振华,*, 胡家帅, 何新林,, 李朝阳. 滴灌施肥对红枣土壤水盐动态及光合的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(6): 536-543.
[11] 袁宏伟,, 袁先江,, 汤广民,, 崔毅, 蒋尚明,. 淮北平原Angstrom公式参数校正及太阳总辐射时空特征分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(5): 426-432.
[12] 汪顺生, 薛红利*. 基于熵权的模糊物元模型优选夏玉米沟灌方式[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(4): 362-368.
[13] 焦婉如, 张富仓,*, 高月, 侯翔皓, 范军亮, 李志军. 滴灌施肥生育期比例分配对榆林市马铃薯生长和水分利用的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(3): 257-266.
[14] 焦婉如, 张富仓,*, 高月, 侯翔皓, 范军亮, 李志军. 滴灌施肥生育期比例分配对榆林市马铃薯生长和水分利用的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(3): 257-266.
[15] 段萌, 毛晓敏*, 许尊秋, 赵引, 陈帅, 薄丽媛. 覆膜和水分亏缺对制种玉米灌浆期气体交换参数及产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(11): 1065-1070.

江苏大学梦溪校区(镇江市梦溪园巷30号)图书馆5楼 0511-84440893 传真0511--84440033
Copyright 江苏大学杂志社 2010-2015 All Rights Reserved