排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (8): 662-667    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.18.1011
泵理论与技术 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
分根区交替灌溉对北疆加工番茄生理生长及产量的影响
赵娣1,2, 王振华1,2*, 李文昊1,2, 张金珠1,2, 吕德生1,2, 张继峯1,2
1.石河子大学水利建筑工程学院, 新疆 石河子 832000; 2.石河子大学现代节水灌溉兵团重点实验室, 新疆 石河子 832000
Effects of alternate root-zone irrigation on physiological growth and yield of processing tomatoes in northern Xinjiang
ZHAO Di1,2, WANG Zhenhua1,2*, LI Wenhao1,2, ZHANG Jinzhu1,2, LYU Desheng1,2, ZHANG Jifeng1,2
1.College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, China; 2.Key Laboratory of Modern Water-saving Irrigation of Xinjiang Production & Construction Group, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, China
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摘要 分根区交替灌溉被广泛应用于园艺作物和农作物中,以达到高效节水的目的.采用桶栽试验,供试加工番茄为当地主栽品种“金番3166”,研究了3种灌溉方式(AI,FI,CI)与滴灌覆膜结合,在3个灌水水平(W1:5 850 m3/hm2,W2:4 500 m3/hm2,W3:3 150 m3/hm2)下的加工番茄生理生长及产量变化.结果表明:W1条件下,AI较CI加工番茄生育期末根系干物质质量、产量及水分利用效率分别提高5.95%,16.87%及17.29%;较FI分别提高14.62%,19.77%及8.33%.叶绿素SPAD,Fv/Fm,Qp,Pn,叶片iWUE最大值均在AIW1处理,Npq最大值在FIW3处理.产量与Pn、根冠比有较好的相关关系.分根区交替灌溉在适宜的灌溉定额下不仅能提高水分利用效率,还能提高叶片叶绿素含量以提高净光合能力,达到增产的目的.综上,AIW1处理是加工番茄高效节水增产的最佳灌溉模式.
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赵娣
王振华
*
李文昊
张金珠
吕德生
张继峯
关键词加工番茄   分根区交替灌溉   生理生长   水分利用效率   产量     
Abstract: Alternate root-zone irrigation is widely used in horticultural crops and crops to achieve the purpose of high efficiency and water saving. In this study, a barrel planting experiment was conducted to study the physiological growth and yield changes of processing tomatoes at three irrigation levels(W1: 5 850 m3/hm2, W2: 4 500 m3/hm2, W3: 3 150 m3/hm2)by combining three irrigation metho-ds(AI, FI, CI)with drip irrigation film mulching. The results show that under W1 condition, AI, compared with CI, significantly increases root dry matter quality, yield and water use efficiency by 5.95%, 16.87% and 17.29% respectively. Compared with FI, it increases root dry matter quality, yield and water use efficiency by 14.62%, 19.77% and 8.33% respectively. The maximum value of SPAD, Fv/Fm, Qp, Pn and iWUE are all in AIW1 treatment, the maximum value of non-photochemical quenching coefficient Npq is appeared in FIW3 treatment. There is a good correlation between yield, net photosynthetic rate and root-shoot ratio. In summary, AIW1 is the best irrigation mode that is conducive to the efficient water-saving and yield increase of processing tomatoes.
Key wordsprocessing tomato   alternate root-zone irrigation   physiology and growth   water use efficiency   yield   
收稿日期: 2018-03-30;
基金资助:

国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0201506)

引用本文:   
赵娣,,王振华等. 分根区交替灌溉对北疆加工番茄生理生长及产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(8): 662-667.
ZHAO Di-,,WANG Zhen-Hua- et al. Effects of alternate root-zone irrigation on physiological growth and yield of processing tomatoes in northern Xinjiang[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2018, 36(8): 662-667.
 
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