排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (2): 124-128    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.17.0214
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尾水管加装整流筒后对其内部流态的影响
杨栗晶1*, 晏成明1, 张军1, 邓志辉2
1.广东水利电力职业技术学院, 广东 广州 510635; 2.中山市创想模型设计有限公司, 广东 中山 528400
Effect of rectifier in the draft tube on flow of hydraulic turbine
YANG Lijing1*, YAN Chengming1, ZHANG Jun1, DENG Zhihui2
1.Guangdong Polytechnic of Water Resources and Electric Engineering, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510635, China; 2.Created Model Design Corporation of Zhongshan City, Zhongshan, Guangdong 528400, China
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摘要 通过在尾水管的通道内设有前后两端开口的整流筒,利用CFD技术对典型工况进行了对比模拟研究,探究了加装整流筒前后对尾水管内部流态的影响.研究结果表明,在典型工况下,尾水管出口断面的压力分布相对比较均匀,整流筒直径为1.05D1时,压力升高最明显.计算了在不同条件下尾水管整流筒进口断面位置中心到壁面静压分布、整体轴中心截面压力分布以及监测了尾水管整流筒在进口处断面壁面上记录点的压力脉动随时间的变化情况.研究显示:整流筒直径为1.05D1时对改善尾水管内部压力场分布和抑制空化带来的影响起到了积极作用,安装整流筒的尾水管中轴面压力梯度减小,在尾水管的进口截面旋涡分散且数量减少,同时减小了中轴心与尾水管壁面的压差,尾水管的流场稳定性增加.
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杨栗晶*
晏成明
张军
邓志辉
关键词尾水管   整流筒   模拟   水轮机   CFD     
Abstract: The internal flow of the draft tube is very complicated. There are various problems with the inside of the draft tube and the turbine because of the asymmetrical pressure distribution of its internal cross-section. A rectifying cylinder having openings at both ends of the front and rear ends is arranged in the channel of the draft tube. The CFD technique is used to simulate the typical working conditions, and the influence of the rectifier on the internal flow of the draft tube is discussed. The results show that under normal operating conditions, the pressure distribution of the outlet section of the draft tube is relatively uniform, and when the diameter of the rectifier cylinder is 1.05D1, the increase of the pressure is most obvious. Under different conditions, the hydrostatic distribution of the center of the inlet cross-section of the draft tube and the pressure distribution of the central axis cross-section are calcula-ted, and the pressure fluctuation of the recording point on the wall surface of the inlet pipe at the inlet is monitored. It is concluded that the rectifier has a positive effect on improving the distribution of the pressure field of the draft tube and inhibiting the effect of cavitation when the diameter of the rectifier cylinder is 1.05D1. The pressure gradient of the axial center is reduced in the draft tube with recti-fier. At the inlet cross-section of the draft tube, the vortex is dispersed and the number is reduced, and the pressure difference between the axial center and the wall surface of draft tube is reduced, and the stability of the flow field of the draft pipe increases.
Key wordsdraft tube   rectifier   simulation   hydraulic turbine   CFD   
收稿日期: 2017-09-18;
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(51379091);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目;江苏省自然科学基金资助项目(BK20130516);广东省水利科技创新项目(2014-02);广东省高等职业教育品牌专业建设项目(2016gzpp014)

引用本文:   
杨栗晶*,晏成明,张军等. 尾水管加装整流筒后对其内部流态的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2018, 36(2): 124-128.
YANG Li-Jing-*,YAN Cheng-Ming-,ZHANG Jun- et al. Effect of rectifier in the draft tube on flow of hydraulic turbine[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2018, 36(2): 124-128.
 
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