排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2017, Vol. 35 Issue (3): 222-227    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.16.0191
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泾惠渠灌区渠道衬砌对土壤有机质的影响及其空间变异性
魏雪1,2,3,4, 周蓓蓓1,2,3,4, 王全九1,2,3,4
1.西安理工大学水利水电学院, 陕西 西安 710048; 2. 西北旱区生态水利工程国家重点实验室培育基地, 陕西 西安 710048; 3. 西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所, 陕西 杨凌 712100; 4.黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100
Effects of canal lining on soil organic matters in Jing Huiqu Irrigation District and their spatial variability
WEI Xue1,2,3,4, ZHOU Beibei1,2,3,4, WANG Quanjiu1,2,3,4
1.Institute of Water Resources and Hydro-electric Engineering, Xi′an University of Technology, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710048, China; 2.State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Hydraulic Engineering in Arid Area, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710048, China; 3.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; 4.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Losses Plateau, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
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摘要 为了解灌区渠道衬砌节水对土壤质量的影响,以陕西关中典型灌区泾惠灌区为研究对象,综合运用传统统计学、地统计学和GIS技术,研究了泾惠渠灌区干支渠衬砌渠道两侧土壤有机质(SOM)空间变异及土壤颗粒分布特征.结果表明:衬砌渠道两侧SOM含量介于18.96~162.92 mg/kg,平均为86.07 mg/kg,其中,预制混凝土衬砌渠道两侧SOM含量最高,现浇凝土衬砌和浆砌石衬砌其次,复合土工膜衬砌最低;地统计分析表明,研究区SOM的半方差函数可用指数模型进行最优拟合,变程为21.7 km,结构方差占总方差的比例为0.37,SOM表现出中等程度的空间依赖性,SOM含量和土壤颗粒的kriging插值图表明,两者具有显著空间相关性.SOM的空间分布格局是随机性因素和结构性因素共同作用的结果.
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魏雪
周蓓蓓
王全九
关键词土壤有机质   衬砌渠道   空间变异   地统计学   地理信息系统   泾惠渠灌区     
Abstract: In order to fully understand the impact of water-saving irrigation canal lining on soil quality, spatial and temporal variation characteristics of soil organic matter(SOM)and soil particles in both sides of lining canals are investigated in trunk and branch canals Jing Huiqu Irrigation District, Shaanxi Province by using traditional statistics, geostatistics and GIS. The results show that SOM in both sides of lining canals is 18.96-162.92 mg/kg with an average of 86.07 mg/kg, particularly, SOM is the maximum for cast-in-place concrete lining canals, and is the minimum for composite geomembrane lining cannels, is in between for masonry ling cannels. Based on a variogram analysis the semivariance function of SOM can be best fitted by using an exponential function with a 21.7 km range. The spatial covariance has a second-order trend and anisotropy on the spatial variability in the study area; and the spatial heterogeneity, caused by the relevant part of the overall spatial variability, accounted for a smaller proportion, presenting of moderate dependence on space and belonging to moderate variability. Using the ordinary Kriging interpolation method, the spatial distribution of SOM and soil particles are obtained; and the characteristics of the spatial distribution and influencing factors are analyzed.
Key wordssoil organic matter   lining canal   spatial variability   geostatistics   GIS   JingHuigu Irrigation District   
收稿日期: 2016-08-15;
基金资助:陕西省科技支撑项目(2013KJXX-38);陕西省水利科技支撑计划项目(slkj2013-04);陕西省自然科学基金资助项目(2015JQ5161)
通讯作者: 周蓓蓓(1982—),女,江苏徐州人,副教授,博士(通信作者,happyangle222@gmail.com),主要从事农业水土与生态环境研究.   
作者简介: 魏雪(1990—),男,安徽蚌埠人,硕士研究生(854761823@qq.com),主要从事农业水土资源与生态环境研究.
引用本文:   
魏雪,,周蓓蓓等. 泾惠渠灌区渠道衬砌对土壤有机质的影响及其空间变异性[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2017, 35(3): 222-227.
WEI Xue-,,ZHOU Bei-Bei- et al. Effects of canal lining on soil organic matters in Jing Huiqu Irrigation District and their spatial variability[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2017, 35(3): 222-227.
 
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