排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2016, Vol. 34 Issue (1): 86-92    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.15.0193
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基于Web技术的农田恒压灌溉远程监控系统测试研究
李海波1,2, 赵晓峰1,2, 付琛1,2, 刘昌珍1
1.无锡商业职业技术学院物联网技术学院, 江苏 无锡 214153; 2.江苏省无线传感系统应用工程技术研究开发中心, 江苏 无锡 214153
Study on remote monitoring system for constant pressure farmland irrigation based on web technology
LI Haibo1,2, ZHAO Xiaofeng1,2, FU Chen1,2, LIU Changzhen1
1.School of Internet of Things Technology, Wuxi Institute of Commerce, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214153, China; 2.Engineering Techology Research and Development Center on Wireless Sensor System in Jiangsu, Wuxi, Jiangbu 214153, China
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摘要 为了解决农村灌溉质量不高,能源利用率低等问题,基于物联网技术、控制技术以及互联网技术,研究设计了1套农田恒压灌溉远程监控系统.该监控系统主要包括了现场感知层、网络层以及应用层.现场感知层主要通过Zigbee无线通信模块构建了星形感知网络,利用PLC与单片机2大核心节点以主从模式实现了现场泵站设备的控制、田间环境参数的采集和电磁阀节点控制等;利用改进后的粒子群算法对农田灌溉出口压力进行了PID优化控制;应用层主要利用以太网通信,借助于西门子PC Access软件作为OPC Server,从而以B/S模式,采用Java语言结合JavaBean组件开发了基于Web技术的远程灌溉网络监控应用软件.系统目前应用于江苏省太仓市某一标准化农田灌溉,不仅数据采集准确,压力控制平稳,节能效果好,与阀门控制达到恒压的系统相比,可以节电20%左右,而且该系统的抗干扰能力强,当外界设定压力发生变化时,能够在10 min 左右进行快速调节达到预置压力;另外该系统远程与就地控制设备灵活可靠,状态监测实时,人机交互便利,节省劳动力达到90%.
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李海波
赵晓峰
付琛
刘昌珍
关键词远程监控   恒压灌溉   Web技术   无线传感网络   智能PID控制     
Abstract: To solve the problems, such as electricity and water waste, poor automaticity and low efficiency of information management encountered in rural farmland irrigation, a set of remote monitoring system for constant pressure field irrigation are designed based on the communication, sensors, and control as well as internet technology. This system is composed of perception layer, network layer and application layer. In the perception layer, a star-type network is built through Zigbee wireless communication modules. The control of instruments in pump stations and the data collection of the environmental parameters of fields are realized by using PLC and MCU core nodes. In the application layer, a remote network monitoring software of field irrigation is developed by using Java language combined with JavaBean components in B/S mode and Ethernet communication technology with the aid of OPC server, which is called PC Access. This system has been applied in the irrigation of a standardization field in Taicang County. It is shown that the system can collect data accurately, and maintain a stable pressure level and exhibits a better ability to suppress disturbances. Furthermore, the system can operate smartly and reliably under in situ control and remote network control conditions to monitor the real irrigation states. 
Key wordsremote monitoring   constant pressure irrigation   Web technology   wireless sensor network   intelligent PID control   
收稿日期: 2015-10-15;
基金资助:甘肃省高等学校科研项目(2014B-130)
通讯作者: 赵晓峰(1977—),男,江苏常州人,讲师(xfzhaoxd@163.com),主要从事工业控制软件、移动互联应用技术研究.   
作者简介: 李海波(1978—),女,江苏靖江人,讲师(li780717@163.com),主要从事控制理论、控制技术应用以及系统集成研究.
引用本文:   
李海波,,赵晓峰等. 基于Web技术的农田恒压灌溉远程监控系统测试研究[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(1): 86-92.
LI Hai-Bo-,,ZHAO Xiao-Feng- et al. Study on remote monitoring system for constant pressure farmland irrigation based on web technology[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2016, 34(1): 86-92.
 
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