Exploration and analysis of groundwater evaporation of saline soil under film mulching condition
XING Xuguang1,2, ZHAO Wen′gang1,2, MA Xiaoyi1,2
1.College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; 2.Key Laboratory for Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid Area of Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
A study on mechanisms, characteristics and prediction methods of groundwater evaporation is important for preventing soil from salinization, evaluating groundwater resources and managing farmland water. In this paper, state-of-the-art studies on groundwater evaporation in China and abroad are surveyed, and the weakest part in them is put forward. It is found that more studies are focused on usual affecting factors, such as atmosphere evaporation intensity, soil texture, groundwater depth and degree of mineralization. Moreover, groundwater evaporation is mostly measured and predicted under bare soil condition, and less investigated for the soils covered with plants and under film mulching and special soil conditions. According to soil feature and planting mode, the groundwater evaporation characteristics and its prediction methods are reviewed in detail under three conditions, such as bare soil covered with plants, plastic-film mulch and saline soil. The drawbacks in present studies and the subjects urgently needed to solve in future are explored. The following contents, namely, contributions of groundwater to crop water consumption, proper and ecological groundwater table for different farmlands, characteristics of day- and night-time groundwater evaporation and numerical simulation of groundwater evaporation and salt accumulation in soil under saline soil condition, should be paid significant attention in forthcoming studies.
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