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排灌机械工程学报  2016, Vol. 34 Issue (1): 57-65    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.15.0100
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盐渍土壤覆膜种植条件潜水蒸发的探讨与分析
邢旭光1,2, 赵文刚1,2, 马孝义1,2
1.西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100; 2.西北农林科技大学旱区农业水土工程教育部重点实验室, 陕西 杨凌 712100
Exploration and analysis of groundwater evaporation of saline soil under film mulching condition
XING Xuguang1,2, ZHAO Wen′gang1,2, MA Xiaoyi1,2
1.College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; 2.Key Laboratory for Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid Area of Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
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摘要 盐渍土区潜水蒸发机理、特性及其计算方法的研究,对防治土壤盐碱化、地下水资源评价及农田水分管理具有重要意义.基于潜水蒸发的最新国内外研究成果,提出了当前在潜水蒸发研究方面的薄弱之处:即以往有关潜水蒸发的研究较多集中于其常规影响因素,且大多是对裸土条件下潜水蒸发特性及其计算进行研究,而对种植作物、土表覆膜和特殊土壤等条件下潜水蒸发问题的认识和研究较为不足.根据我国干旱地区土壤特性和种植模式,分别对有无作物种植、土表覆膜和盐渍土壤等3种条件下的潜水蒸发特性及计算方法进行了较为详细地阐述和评价,并就目前研究中存在的不足和未来亟待深入研究的问题进行了探讨,认为在今后的研究工作中,应把潜水蒸发对作物耗水的补给比例、不同地区适宜潜水埋深和生态地下水位、潜水蒸发昼夜变化特性,以及盐碱地潜水蒸发与土壤积盐的数值模拟等内容,作为研究重点.
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邢旭光
赵文刚
马孝义
关键词潜水蒸发   盐渍土   覆膜   裸土   种植作物条件   地下水位     
Abstract: A study on mechanisms, characteristics and prediction methods of groundwater evaporation is important for preventing soil from salinization, evaluating groundwater resources and managing farmland water. In this paper, state-of-the-art studies on groundwater evaporation in China and abroad are surveyed, and the weakest part in them is put forward. It is found that more studies are focused on usual affecting factors, such as atmosphere evaporation intensity, soil texture, groundwater depth and degree of mineralization. Moreover, groundwater evaporation is mostly measured and predicted under bare soil condition, and less investigated for the soils covered with plants and under film mulching and special soil conditions. According to soil feature and planting mode, the groundwater evaporation characteristics and its prediction methods are reviewed in detail under three conditions, such as bare soil covered with plants, plastic-film mulch and saline soil. The drawbacks in present studies and the subjects urgently needed to solve in future are explored. The following contents, namely, contributions of groundwater to crop water consumption, proper and ecological groundwater table for different farmlands, characteristics of day- and night-time groundwater evaporation and numerical simulation of groundwater evaporation and salt accumulation in soil under saline soil condition, should be paid significant attention in forthcoming studies.
Key wordsgroundwater evaporation   saline soil   plastic mulching   bare soil   planting cndition   groundwater table   
收稿日期: 2015-05-11;
基金资助:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51279167);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD08B01);水利部公益性行业专项(201301016)
通讯作者: 马孝义(1965—),男,陕西凤翔人,教授,博士生导师(通信作者,xiaoyima@vip.sina.com),主要从事农业水土和电气化研究.   
作者简介: 邢旭光(1986—),男,辽宁沈阳人,博士研究生(xingxg86@163.com),主要从事土壤水-盐-热迁移监测与模拟研究.
引用本文:   
邢旭光,,赵文刚等. 盐渍土壤覆膜种植条件潜水蒸发的探讨与分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2016, 34(1): 57-65.
XING Xu-Guang-,,ZHAO Wen-Gang- et al. Exploration and analysis of groundwater evaporation of saline soil under film mulching condition[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2016, 34(1): 57-65.
 
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