排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  2011, Vol. 29 Issue (6): 542-547    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674—8530.2011.06.016
节水灌溉工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
地下水与地表水联合调度智能监控系统
高胜国1,黄修桥1,贾艳辉1,李中生2,段福义1
(1.中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所, 河南  新乡 453002; 2.河南省人民胜利渠灌区管理局, 河南  新乡  453731)
Intelligent monitoring system for joint operation of surface water and groundwater
Gao Shengguo1, Huang Xiuqiao1, Jia Yanhui1, Li Zhongsheng2, Duan Fuyi1
(1.Farmland Irrigation Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xinxiang, Henan 453002, China; 2.Henan Provincial Rinming Shengli Canal Administration Bureau, Xinxiang, Henan 453731,China)
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摘要 以控制地下水位在合理范围为目的的地下水与地表水联合调度智能监控系统,由相对独立的地下水与地表水联合调度数值模拟和计算机监控两部分组成,数据交换通过Access数据库实现.系统的内部体系与运行流程分为信息采集层、调度决策层和决策执行层3个层次,外部结构由一个数据分析处理中心站和若干个设置于监控现场的控制子站组成,中心站与各个子站采用无线数据传输.先由计算机监控部分采集相关数据,然后就不同的井渠配水比例和灌溉模式分别通过地下水与地表水联合调度数值模拟系统进行模拟与预测,以人机交互的方式确定最优配水方案,再通过计算机屏幕上虚拟的操作面板发出控制指令,由计算机监控部分实施具体灌溉.构成了集信息采集、数据分析、优化调度和可视化操作于一体的模块化设计、分布式、人机交互的智能监控系统.监控系统子站的CPU采用睡眠唤醒模式工作,以减少受干扰概率.触点采样施加100 V,25 mA交流电,以提高在潮湿环境下长期工作的可靠性.系统设计理念先进,结构合理.经试验,系统工作稳定、可靠,可为同类系统的设计提供借鉴与参考.
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高胜国
黄修桥
贾艳辉
李中生
段福义
关键词智能监控系统   井渠结合灌溉   数值模拟   地下水与地表水联合调度[HK]     
Abstract: The intelligent monitoring system for  joint operation of surface water and groundwater,which  purpose is to  control the groundwater level,consists of two relatively independence parts:the numerical simulation system of both surface water and groundwater and the computer monitoring system.The two parts could exchange data by Access.The internal system and the operational flow were information collecting layer, scheduling decision layer and decision execution layer.The external structure was composed of one data analysis and treatment center station and some control slave stations which set from monitoring spots.The wireless data transmission was used for the connection from the center station to the slave stations.Data were acquired by a computer monitor part, and divided into different water distribution ratios,then sent to the numerical simulation system for simlation and prediction.The optimal water distribution plan would be chosen in human computer mode.Then the control instructions would be sent from the computer screen virtual operating panel.The concrete irrigation would be actualized by computer monitoring system.The intelligent monitoring system was  modular design, distributing, human computer interaction, information collection, scheduling decision and decision execution.The sub monitoring system station CPU with the sleep and wake up working mode could reduce the interfered probability.The AC 100 V,25 mA was applied to the contact and  to improve reliability in long term operation in moist environment.The system design concept was advanced and the structure was rational.Field test proved that this system works reliably.This system could provide reference for the further study of same system.
Key wordsintelligent monitoring system   combination well and canal   numerical simulating   joint operation of surface water and groundwater   
收稿日期: 2011-06-13; 出版日期: 2011-11-30
基金资助:

“十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目( 2006BAD11B05)

通讯作者: 高胜国( 1960-),男,辽宁本溪人,副研究员( gaoshguo@ sina.com) ,主要从事节水灌溉与自动化技术研究.   
作者简介: 黄修桥( 1961-),男,湖北汉川人,研究员,博士( hhxxqq@ public.xxptt.hs.cn) ,主要从事节水灌溉理论与技术研究.
引用本文:   
高胜国,黄修桥,贾艳辉等. 地下水与地表水联合调度智能监控系统[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2011, 29(6): 542-547.
GAO Sheng-Guo,HUANG Xiu-Qiao,JIA Yan-Hui et al. Intelligent monitoring system for joint operation of surface water and groundwater[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2011, 29(6): 542-547.
 
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