排灌机械工程学报
   首页  学报介绍  编 委 会  作者园地  征订启事  编校法规  编读往来  录用公告  广告合作   行业新闻  留  言  English 
排灌机械工程学报  2014, Vol. 32 Issue (6): 547-552    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-8530.14.0043
农业水土工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |   
水、氮和保水剂对小粒咖啡水氮利用的影响
刘小刚, 殷欣, 符娜, 杨启良, 杨新荣
昆明理工大学现代农业工程学院, 云南 昆明 650500
Effects of soil moisture, nitrogen and superabsorbent polymers on water and nitrogen use of arabica coffee
Liu Xiaogang, Yin Xin, Fu Na, Yang Qiliang, Yang Xinrong
Faculty of Modern Agricultural Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, Yunnan 650500, China
 全文: PDF (1535 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 为探求小粒咖啡幼树的最佳水氮管理及高效利用模式,通过2种灌水水平(中水(WM,65%~80%FC)和低水(WL,50%~65%FC))、3种施氮水平(高氮(NH,0.40 g/kg),低氮(NL,0.20 g/kg)和无氮(NZ,0))和2种保水剂水平(有保(SH,1 kg/m3)和无保(SZ,0))的完全处理组合,研究灌水、氮素营养及保水剂对小粒咖啡幼树根区土壤水氮累积、干物质生产和水氮吸收利用的影响.研究表明:和WL相比,WM提高总干物质量、水分利用率、氮素吸收总量和氮素干物质生产效率分别为86.0%,36.4%,73.1%和5.3%.和NZ相比,NLNH提高水分利用率和氮素吸收总量的效果基本相同.和SZ相比,SH提高土壤硝态氮质量比、总干物质量、水分利用率和氮素吸收总量分别为21.9%~43.0%,78.3%,68.9%和91.2%,而降低氮素干物质生产效率10.0%.在中等供水(65%~80% FC)和低氮(NL,0.20 g/kg)条件下,配施保水剂能有效调控土壤水氮供给状况,促进干物质生产和提高水氮利用效率.因此,在本试验条件下,有利于小粒咖啡水氮高效利用的最优试验组合为WMNLSH.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
刘小刚
殷欣
符娜
杨启良
杨新荣
关键词小粒咖啡   水分   氮素   保水剂   干物质生产   水氮利用     
Abstract: To explore the optimal mode of water and nitrogen management and effective utilization of young arabica coffee tree, using two water levels, i.e. middle water WM, 65%~80% of soil field capacity(FC)and low water(WL, 50%~65%FC), three nitrogen levels, i.e. high nitrogen(NH, 0.4 g/kg air-dried soil), low nitrogen(NL, 0.20 g/kg air-dried soil)and no nitrogen(NZ, 0), two SAP levels, i.e. added SAP(SH, 1 kg/m3)and no SAP(SZ, 0), the effects of soil moisture, nitrogen and superabsorbent polymers(SAP)on accumulation of water and nitrogen, dry mass production and use of water as well as nitrogen in root-zone of young arabica coffee tree were studied. The results show that, compared to WL, WM can increase total dry mass, water use efficiency(WUE), total nitrogen uptake(TNU)and nitrogen dry matter production efficiency(NDMPE)by 86.0%, 36.4%, 73.1% and 5.3%, respectively. Compared to NZ, NL and NH has the same effect on WUE and TNU increment. Compared to SZ, SH can increase soil NO-3-N content, total dry mass, WUE and TNU by 21.9%~43.0%, 78.3%, 68.9% and 91.2%, respectively, while NDMPE is redued by 10.0%. Under the condition of middle water(65%~80%FC)and low nitrogen(0.2 g/kg dry soil), SAP can effectively regulate soil moisture and nitrogen environment, and can promote dry mass production and increase water and nitrogen use efficiency. Therefore, WMNLSH is the optimum combination of water and nitrogen efficient use in the experiment.
Key wordsarabica coffee   water   nitrogen   superabsorbent polymers   dry mass production   water and nitrogen use   
收稿日期: 2014-04-03;
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(51109102,51379004);云南省应用基础研究资助项目(2010ZC043,2013FB024,KKSY201223076);云南省教育厅科学研究基金资助重点项目(2011Z035)

通讯作者: 刘小刚(1977—),男,甘肃庆阳人,副教授,博士(liuxiaogang888@tom.com),主要从事节水灌溉理论与技术研究.   
作者简介: 殷欣(1988—),男,湖北广水人,硕士研究生(yinxin616@126.com),主要从事计算机在农业工程中的应用研究.
引用本文:   
刘小刚,殷欣,符娜等. 水、氮和保水剂对小粒咖啡水氮利用的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2014, 32(6): 547-552.
LIU Xiao-Gang,YIN Xin,FU Na et al. Effects of soil moisture, nitrogen and superabsorbent polymers on water and nitrogen use of arabica coffee[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2014, 32(6): 547-552.
 
[1] Cai Chuantao, Cai Zhiquan, Yao Tianquan, et al. Ve-getative growth and photosynthesis in coffee plants under different watering and fertilization managements in Yunnan, SW China[J].Photosynthetica, 2007,45(3):455-461.
[2] 杨培岭, 廖人宽, 任树梅, 等. 化学调控技术在旱地水肥利用中的应用进展[J].农业机械学报, 2013,44(6):100-109.
Yang Peiling, Liao Renkuan, Ren Shumei, et al. Application of chemical regulating technology for utilization of water and fertilizer in dry-land agriculture[J].Tran-sactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machi-nery, 2013,44(6):100-109.(in Chinese)
[3] 马强, 宇万太, 沈善敏, 等. 旱地农田水肥效应研究进展[J].应用生态学报, 2007,18(3):665-673.
Ma Qiang, Yu Wantai, Shen Shanmin, et al. Research advances in water-fertilizer effect on dry land farmland[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2007,18(3):665-673.(in Chinese)
[4] 华元刚, 陈秋波, 林钊沐, 等. 水肥耦合对橡胶树产胶量的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2008,19(6):1211-1216.
Hua Yuangang, Chen Qiubo, Lin Zhaomu, et al. Coupling effects of water and chemical fertilizers on Hevea brasiliensislatex yield[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008,19(6):1211-1216.(in Chinese)
[5] Nazareno R, Oliveira C, Sanzonowicz C, et al. Initial growth of Rubi coffee plant in response to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and water regimes [J].Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 2003, 38(8): 903-910.
[6] Arantes K, Faria M, Rezende F. Recovery of coffee tree(Coffea arabica L.)after pruning under different irrigation depths [J]. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 2009, 31(2): 313-319.
[7] Yazdani F, Allahdadi I, Akbari G. Impact of superabsorbent polymer on yield and growth analysis of Soybean(Glycine max L.)under drought stress condition[J].Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2007,10(23):4190-4196.
[8] 杨永辉, 吴普特, 武继承, 等. 复水前后冬小麦光合生理特征对保水剂用量的响应[J].农业机械学报, 2011,42(7):116-123.
Yang Yonghui, Wu Pute, Wu Jicheng, et al. Response of photosynthetic parameters of winter wheat before and after re-watering to different rates of water-retaining agent[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2011,42(7): 116-123.(in Chinese)
[9] 李嘉竹, 黄占斌, 陈威, 等. 环境功能材料对半干旱地区土壤水肥利用效率的协同效应[J]. 水土保持学报, 2012, 26(1):232-236.
Li Jiazhu, Huang Zhanbin, Chen Wei, et al. Synergistic effects of environment functional materials to water & fertilizer use efficiency in semi-arid region[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2012, 26(1): 232-236.(in Chinese)
[10] 俞满源, 黄占斌, 方锋, 等. 保水剂、氮肥及其交互作用对马铃薯生长和产量的效应[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2003, 21(3): 15-19.
Yu Manyuan, Huang Zhanbin, Fang Feng, et al. Response of aquasorb, fertilizer and their interaction to growth and yield of potato[J]. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2003, 21(3): 15-19.(in Chinese)
[11] 黄占斌, 吴雪萍, 方峰, 等. 干湿变化和保水剂对植物生长和水分利用率的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报, 2002,8(6): 600-604.
Huang Zhanbin, Wu Xueping, Fang Feng, et al. Effects of soil dry-wet changes and aquasorb treatment on plant growth and water use efficiency [J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology, 2002,8(6):600-604.(in Chinese)
[12] 鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M].北京:中国农业出版社, 2000.
[13] 梁艳萍, 许迪, 李益农, 等. 冬小麦不同畦灌施肥模式水氮分布田间试验[J].农业工程学报, 2009, 25(3):22-27.
Liang Yanping, Xu Di, Li Yinong, et al. Field experiment on water and nitrogen distribution for winter wheat under border strip fertigation[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2009,25(3):22-27.(in Chinese)
[14] 白文波, 王春艳, 李茂松, 等.不同灌溉条件下保水剂对新疆棉花生长及产量的影响[J].农业工程学报, 2010,26(10):69-76.
Bai Wenbo, Wang Chunyan, Li Maosong, et al. Effects of super absorbent polymer on growth and yield of cotton under different irrigation conditions in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region [J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2010, 26(10): 69-76.(in Chinese)
[15] 黄占斌, 孙在金. 环境材料在农业生产及其环境治理中的应用[J].中国生态农业学报, 2013,21(1):88-95.
Huang Zhanbin, Sun Zaijin. Application of environmental materials in agricultural production and environmental treatment [J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2013, 21(1):88-95.(in Chinese)
[1] 脱云飞, 王克勤, 张丽娟, 费良军. 肥液浓度对膜孔交汇入渗水氮运移转化影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2014, 32(6): 541-546.
[2] 刘浩, 张寄阳, 孙景生, 申孝军, 张俊鹏, 宁慧峰. 麦后移栽棉节水高效灌溉模式[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2014, 32(5): 441-447.
[3] 张俊鹏,, 冯棣, 曹彩云, 孙景生,, 孙池涛, 郑春莲, 刘浩,. 咸水灌溉对覆膜棉花生长与水分利用的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2014, 32(5): 448-455.
[4] 张俊,,, 牛文全,, 张琳琳, 史丽艳, 吴泽广. 初始含水率对微润灌溉线源入渗特征的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2014, 32(1): 72-79.
[5] 李耀刚, 王文娥, 胡笑涛. 基于HYDRUS-3D的涌泉根灌土壤入渗数值模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(6): 546-552.
[6] 张爱莉, 高磊. 冻融过程对FDR测量土壤体积含水量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(4): 364-368.
[7] 胡永翔, 李援农, 张莹, 蒋耿民. 基于水分胁迫系数的枣树园土壤含水率估算[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(3): 270-276.
[8] 刘泉汝, 郎坤, 赵丹丹, 沈加印, 李全起, 韩惠芳. 秸秆覆盖和种植密度对夏玉米水分利用的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(12): 1089-1094.
[9] 刘世宾, 李毅, Robert Horton. 斥水土壤的水力参数及水平吸渗规律[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(11): 1000-1006.
[10] 牛勇,, 刘洪禄,, 吴文勇,, 张宝龙, 王克武. 灌水下限对甜瓜生长及水分利用效率的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(10): 901-906.
[11] 郑子成, 李廷轩, 李卫. 设施土壤水分扩散率变化特征[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(1): 87-92.
[12] 张展羽, 陈晶晶, 张文祥, 司涵. 农业小流域“田-沟”系统氮素时空变化分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(1): 61-65.
[13] 樊军, 王全九, 汪羽宁. 质地和根系深度对水分探头埋设的仿真模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(1): 70-74.
[14] 李毅, 关冰艺. 滴灌两点源交汇入渗的斥水土壤水分运动规律[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2013, 31(1): 81-86.
[15] 和玉璞, 彭世彰, 徐俊增, 张剑刚, 焦健, 於家红. 生态沟-湿地系统对稻田排水中氮素的去除效果[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(5): 609-613.

江苏大学梦溪校区(镇江市梦溪园巷30号)图书馆5楼 0511-84440893 传真0511--84440033
Copyright 江苏大学杂志社 2010-2015 All Rights Reserved