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排灌机械工程学报
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排灌机械工程学报  0, Vol. Issue (): 23-    DOI:
农业水土工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
不同灌排方式对南方避雨栽培番茄需水特性与产量的影响
邵光成1,2,蓝晶晶1,2,郭瑞琪1,2,张超波1,2,潘惠1,2,
(1. 南方地区高效灌排与农业水土环境教育部重点实验室,南京 210098; 2. 河海大学水利水电学院,南京 210098)
Influence of different irrigation and drainage mode on character of water demand and fruit yield of tomato under rain-shelter cultivation in southern China
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摘要 为了实现南方地区番茄节水、优质、高效生产,在避雨栽培条件下,研究了不同灌排方式对番茄需水特性与产量的影响。研究结果表明,各亏缺灌溉处理土壤含水率随时间总体仍呈下降趋势,暗管埋深0.8m的处理较埋深0.6m处理,土壤含水量下降更快但不很明显。番茄不同生育阶段的需水量差别较大,表现为始花座果期>果实成熟与采收期>苗期,随着番茄的生长,其日需水量大体呈逐渐上升的趋势。在不同灌排模式和避雨措施条件下,苗期的日需水量变化范围为1.07~2.71mm•d-1,始花座果期日需水量变化范围为1.60~3.09 mm•d-1,果实成熟与采收期日需水量变化范围为1.78~3.35 mm•d-1。在相同的排水措施,不同灌溉条件下,番茄果实产量随着灌水量的减少而减少,但水分利用效率和灌溉水利用效率却随着灌水量的减少而增加。该研究可为南方避雨栽培下番茄灌排方式的选择及其节水、优质、高产提供参考。
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邵光成1
2
蓝晶晶1
2
郭瑞琪1
2
张超波1
2
潘惠1
2
关键词番茄   避雨栽培   灌排方式   需水特性   产量     
Abstract: In order to realize water-saving, good quality and high yield of tomato in southern china, the influence of irrigation and drainage mode on character of water demand and fruit yield under the condition of rain-shelter was studied. The results showed that deficit irrigation decreased soil water content over time, the treatments with drainage depth of 0.8m reduced soil water content more quickly than that with drainage depth of 0.6m, but the decline was not very obvious. The water demand of tomato was quite different at three growth stages, the order was as follows: blossom and fruit period > fruit mature and harvest period > seedling period, along with the growth of tomato, daily water requirement is rising up in the trend. Under the condition of different irrigation and drainage mode and rain-shelter cultivation, the range of daily water requirement of tomato at seeding stage was 1.07~2.71mm/d, and 1.60~3.09 mm/d at blossom and fruit period, 1.78~3.35 mm/d at fruit mature and harvest period. Deficit irrigation can reduced tomato fruit yield, but increase water use efficiency and irrigation water use efficiency at the same drainage depth of underground pipe. The research can be used for the selection of irrigation and drainage mode so as to realize water-saving, good quality and high yield of tomato under rain-shelter cultivation.
Key wordstomato   rain-shelter cultivation   irrigation and drainage mode   character of water demand   fruit yield   
引用本文:   
邵光成1,2,蓝晶晶1等. 不同灌排方式对南方避雨栽培番茄需水特性与产量的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 0, (): 23-.
SHAO Guang-Cheng-1,2 ,蓝Jing-Jing-1 et al. Influence of different irrigation and drainage mode on character of water demand and fruit yield of tomato under rain-shelter cultivation in southern China[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 0, (): 23-.
 
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