排灌机械工程学报
   首页  学报介绍  编 委 会  作者园地  征订启事  编校法规  编读往来  录用公告  广告合作   行业新闻  留  言  English 
排灌机械工程学报  2011, Vol. 29 Issue (6): 508-512    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674—8530.2011.06.010
流体工程 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
升阻混合风轮的性能规律
赵振宙1,2, 郑 源1,2, 宋晨光1, 赵振宁3
(1.河海大学能源与电气学院, 江苏 南京 210098;  2.水资源高效利用及安全工程国家工程研究中心, 江苏 南京 210098;  3.华北电力科学研究院有限责任公司, 北京 100045)
Performance of liftdrag combined wind turbine rotor
Zhao Zhenzhou1,2, Zheng Yuan1,2, Song Chenguang1, Zhao Zhenning3
(1.College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210098,China; 2.National Engineering Research Center of Water Resources Efficient Utilization and Engineering Safety, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210098, China; 3.North China Electric Power Research Institute Co.Ltd., Beijing 100045, China)
 全文: PDF (578 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 为了研究由升力型与阻力型风轮构成升阻混合立轴风轮的部分性能规律,建立了旋转直径900 mm、高度900 mm的混合风轮数理模型,应用SST k-ω湍流模型模拟分析两种风轮的半径比、高度比对混合风轮性能的影响规律,并比较了混合风轮和纯升力风轮的性能.结果证明:阻力型风轮增大了混合风轮的力矩,对下游0°转角附近的升力叶片产生了负面影响,且当阻力风轮与升力型风轮半径比为0.3、高度比为0.5时,混合风轮的性能达最佳为0.32;在低转速范围内,组合风轮具有更高的风能利用系数;在高转速范围内,阻力风轮产生的阻尼作用效果逐渐增强,混合风轮与纯升力风轮的性能相近甚至不及.建立相同尺寸的塑料物模进行了风洞试验,采用力矩仪对模型力矩和转速进行了测试,试验结果与模拟结果的对比显示,试验测量最高效率低于模拟值0.02,误差属于允许范围之内,证明SST k-ω湍流模型对混合风轮流场计算值具有适用性.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
赵振宙
郑源
宋晨光
赵振宁
关键词立轴风轮   升阻混合   数值模拟   性能分析     
Abstract: In order to get partial performance of liftdrag combined wind turbine,such a turbine rotor with 900 mm height and 900 mm diameter was simulated using the SST k-ω turbulence model.Effects of the diameter and height ratios on the performance of the lift and drag type rotors were analyzed,and the power coefficients were compared between the combined rotor and the pure lifttype one.The results showed that the drag rotor increases the torque of the combined rotor but decreases the torque of the lift rotor at 0° rotation angle downstream.When the diameter ratio is 0.3 and the height ratio is 0.5,the combined rotor gets a maximum power coefficient of 0.32.In lower speed the performance of combined rotor is obviously better than that of pure lift rotor,while in high speed the former is same as or even worse than the latter.In order to verify the precise of model data,a plastic wind rotor with same scales as the simulation model was tested in a wind tunnel and the torque and speed were measured by a torque dectetor.The results showed the predicted efficiency is higher than the experimental data by 2% only.The error is so small that the SST  k-ω model can be used to analyze the flow field of a combined wind turbine.
Key wordsvertical axis wind rotor   lift drag combination   numerical simulation   performance analysis   
收稿日期: 2010-12-22; 出版日期: 2011-11-30
基金资助:

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目( B1020199) ; 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目( 海岸带资源开发与安全)

通讯作者: 赵振宙( 1982-),男,内蒙古集宁人,讲师,博士后 ( zhaozhzh_2008@ hhu.edu.cn) ,主要从事风能利用研究.   
作者简介: 郑源( 1964-),男,山东日照人,教授,博士生导师( zhengyuan@ hhu.edu.cn) ,主要从事水轮机和风力机流体机械等研究
引用本文:   
赵振宙,郑源,宋晨光等. 升阻混合风轮的性能规律[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2011, 29(6): 508-512.
ZHAO Zhen-Zhou,ZHENG Yuan,SONG Chen-Guang et al. Performance of liftdrag combined wind turbine rotor[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engin, 2011, 29(6): 508-512.
 
[1] 孙云峰.小型垂直轴风力发电机组的设计与实验[D].呼和浩特:内蒙古农业大学能源与动力工程学院,2008.
[2] Fujisawa N,Shibuya S.Observations of dynamic stall on darrieus wind turbine blades[J].Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics,2001,89(2):201-214.
[3] Fujisawa N,Takeuchi M.Flow visualization and PIV measurement of flow field around a darrieus rotor in dynamic stall[J].Journal of Visualization,1999,1(4):379-386.
[4] Yang Wei,Quan Yong,Jin Xinyang,et al.Influences of equilibrium atmosphere boundary layer and turbulence parameter on wind loads of lowrise buildings[J].Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics,2008,96(10/11):2080-2092.
[5] 李 岩,田川公太朗.基于烟线法的直线翼垂直轴风力机静态流场可视化试验[J].可再生能源,2009,37(3):32-35.
Li Yan,Kotaro Tagawa.A visual experiment by smoke wire way on the static flow field of a straightbladed vertical axis wind turbine[J].Renewable Energy Resources,2009,37(3):32-35.(in Chinese)
[6] 赵振宙,郑 源,周大庆,等.基于数值模拟Savonius风力机性能优化研究[J].太阳能学报,2010,31(7):907-911.
Zhao Zhenzhou,Zheng Yuan,Zhou Daqing,et al.Optimization of the performance of Savonius wind turbine based on numerical study[J].Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica,2010,31(7):907-911.(in Chinese)
[7] 朱英辉,刘志璋.升、阻力混合型垂直轴风力机结构与性能的分析[J].华东电力,2008,36(7):99-101.
Zhu Yinghui,Liu Zhizhang.Structure and performance analysis for hybrid vertical axis wind turbines with lift and resistance leaves[J].East China Electric Power,2008,36(7):99-101.(in Chinese)
[8] 何宗敬.DarrieusSavonius组合风轮几何尺寸确定方法的探讨[J].太阳能学报,1993,14(4):325-329.
He Zongjing.On geometric sizes of DarrieusSavonius combined wind turbine[J].Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica,1993,14(4):325-329.(in Chinese)
[9] Islam M,Ting D S K,Fartaj A.Aerodynamic models for Darrieustype straightbladed vertical axis wind turbines[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2008,12(4):1087-1109.
[1] 朱荣生, 李小龙, 袁寿其, 郑宝义, 付强. 1 000 MW级核主泵压水室出口压力脉动[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(4): 395-400.
[2] 叶晓琰, 田莹莹, 丁亚娜, 沈良滨, 朱利凯. 高剪切匀浆泵两相流动的数值模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(4): 407-411.
[3] 袁寿其, 叶丽婷, 张金凤, 袁野, 张伟捷. 分流叶片对离心泵内部非定常流动特性的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(4): 373-378.
[4] 成立, 刘超, B.P.M.van Esch, 汤方平, 金燕, 周济人. 灯泡贯流泵装置内部流动及水力特性[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(4): 436-441.
[5] 董亮, 刘厚林, 谈明高, 王凯, 王勇. 离心泵全流场与非全流场数值计算[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(3): 274-278.
[6] 李树勋, 徐登伟, 李确, 王朝富. 倒吊桶先导式蒸汽疏水阀的设计与数值模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(3): 346-350.
[7] 崔宝玲, 黄达钢, 史佩琦, 金庆明. 叶顶间隙对低比转数半开式离心泵性能的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(3): 283-288.
[8] 程效锐, 李仁年, 黎义斌, 范赢, 申立新. 螺旋离心泵叶片变螺距型线方程[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(3): 289-294.
[9] 邴浩, 曹树良, 谭磊, 陆力. 混流泵导叶对其性能的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 125-130.
[10] 常书平, 王永生. 基于CFD的混流泵空化特性研究[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 171-175.
[11] 袁建平, 金荣, 陈红亮, 付燕霞, 孙威. 离心泵用赫姆霍兹水消声器声学特性数值模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 141-146.
[12] 何秀华, 李富, 毕雨时, 邓志丹, 王健. 单振子双腔体V形管无阀压电泵的流场分析[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 153-156.
[13] 张德胜, 施卫东, 王川, 王国涛, 邹萍萍. 斜流泵叶轮和导叶叶片数对压力脉动的影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 167-170.
[14] 杨敏官, 尹必行, 康灿, 孙鑫恺, 车占富. 绕水翼非定常空化流场数值模拟[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 192-197.
[15] 汤跃, 汤玲迪, 刘二会. 闸阀调节过程的三维模拟及其动态模型[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2012, 30(2): 219-224.

江苏大学梦溪校区(镇江市梦溪园巷30号)图书馆5楼 0511-84440893 传真0511--84440033
Copyright 江苏大学杂志社 2010-2015 All Rights Reserved